World Education

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Thanks!  Walter at



Evaluating U.S. Education
Student Stuff
Teacher Stuff

Six Concerns
Classroom Stuff
Education Economics
Key Studies
Education Investing

Education Reform

Preface Proposed Education Manifesto

1. Community Set and Prioritize Goal

2. Structural Changes to Meet Goals

3. Adopt Individualized Curriculum 

4. Determine Accountability

See Brief History of American Education

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Evaluating U.S. Education
Prelude: Some schools are doing a good job with
Individualized Curriculum
 because teachers manage rather than just lecture.

1. Education Overview Videos
2. Public Education
Charter Schools


Education Overview Videos
 Changing Education Paradigms

How To Help Every Child Fulfill Their Potential
10 min video and Speech videos
from Royal Society for Arts, 
Manufactures and Commerce

Human Capital and the Role of Education 
20 min. video Witwatersrand Johannesburg University

The Secret Power of Time  10 min video

Public Education

Standardized Tests: A Critique

Standardized Test: Thoughts from Space and Time

Homework an Unnecessary Evil Surprising Findings

Don't blame Kids For Not Enjoy School

The Long Shadow of Race, Class and Privilege
in Baltimore 1 of 5
by Karl L. Alexander  Johns Hopkins University

A Statistician's Analysis of
IQ, Heredity and Education

Thoughts of Many Concerning Education

Charter Schools
2013 Study

What We Can Learn From Closure Of Charter School

Scaling Up Boston's Charter School Sector 7/1/19

Fiscal/Education Charter School
Expansion Spillovers
Greater charter attendance increases per-pupil expenditures in traditional public schools, induces them to shift expenditure to instruction/salaries and a small positive effect on
non-charter students’ achievement. 7/18

When tests stay same, scores slightly up
 When tests get harder, scores stagnate

Psychologists studied 5,000 genius kids for 45 years,
here are their 6 key takeaways

1992_National Adult Literacy Survey

Massachusetts, Our Best PISA 2012 State,
Scored Poorly in Mathematics, Or Did They?

The Evidence for Standardized Tests Exists

Exam Schools make little academic difference

GED Doesn't Affect Employment and Earnings

Humanities Majors Crash.

Top Coding Boot Camps

Coding Boot Camps vs. College
Note: Open enrollment for profit programs
are a new name for trade/career schools

U.S. Colleges Have the Second Highest
 Per Pupil Spending

Not All College Majors Are Created Equal

American Higher Education Turned False Promise

America's Most Overrated Product-Higher Education
from Marty Nemko

2014 Class Continues Underemployment Trend

Rejecting Personal Responsibility Is No Way
 to Promote Educational Equity

September 9, 2019:
 Fearing to tell students they’re responsible for
 doing their part is to set them up for failure.


Education Manifesto

Executive Summary

1 Opinions Matter
Historical Leaders Education Observations
from Confucius to L. Summers

Advise from 20th Century U.S. and World Leaders
From Churchill to C. Murray

2  Accepted Truths
Ten Commandments of Education Relevant
Axioms and Postulates

 Adjustments Needed 
World Changed, Good Jobs Disappeared

4 Implementing Goals
1. Local Community Choose
and Prioritize Goals

2. Develop Individualized Curriculums
3. Educating the Class of 2035

12 Implication Plan

Appendix: Useful Approaches

Laboratories of Democracy

Tech-Based Education

What You Should Know

Parenting During Adolescents
10 min Video

Media, Political, and Educator Misrepresentations

The Job Training Charade

Apprenticeship Programs

Five Bad Education Assumptions the Media Keeps Recycling

Big Bad Decisions Created Big Bad Schools
political protest, less discipline,  added responsibilities
D. Henninger

What Should Education Accomplish

Is Financial Aid Welfare?

Debt Causes Millennia's
to Regret Going to College

t and Grade Inflation Problem

Economics of a College Education

Education in a World of Multiple Intelligence 

Laboratories of democracy  

Walter Antoniott's  Philosophy

Student Stuff

Self Reliance Thoreau video

 2 B's or 1 A plus 1C

 Homework Help

Graduate Career Options

Not All Majors
Are Created Equal

Choosing a College/Major

Free Stuff

Student Personal Finance

Homework Help by Subject

Exam Strategies +

Geekability is Important
for Success

Downside to Attending
 Academically Selective School

Classroom Stuff

One-Page Class Handouts

Education Internet Library
for education majors
and teachers

Free Education Books 

Free Excel Stuff
for Teachers

Skills vs. Behavior

Learning and Memory

 The Importance of Grades

Old Stuff

Education Thoughts



Curriculum Stuff

Individualized Curriculum

Degrees With Industry Certifications


Born to Build

The Quick Notes Philosophy

Tech Base, Real World, Activity Driven,
Question Oriented Curriculum

1992 National Adult Literacy Survey

The Myth of the Skills Gap

Specific Skill Needs

Interesting Studies

Talent Optimized

German Education System

Four-Day School Weeks?

Year-round benefits students, teachers and administration

Teacher Stuff

Lifelong Teacher Reflections

Retired Educator's Thoughts

Tracking Helps High-Ability
Minority Students

Disruptive Students Hurt Peers

Andrew Hacker Debates Value
 of Math for Everyone

History of
American Education

Cognitive Bias

Education Reform Internet Library

Teacher Pay Penalty

A Good Idea

Personalized Learning

"What Does a Typical Day Look Like?

"Each day in San Jose, Calif., about 15,000 elementary students use a popular software program called Dreambox Learning. Math class starts with 20 minutes of whole-class instruction. Then students are split into small groups. For the next 40 minutes, they cycle between time with a teacher, time working collaboratively with peers, and independent work on Dreambox.

Jessie Woolley-Wilson, the company's CEO, says that if schools are using her product, they're doing personalized learning. That's because the software is "intelligently adaptive"—it helps students who are behind catch up and lets students who are ahead move forward. If the software notices that a student is using an inefficient procedure to solve a particular problem, it might cut in with a targeted lesson son."  Editor's Notes: Great for reading. This will help the employment of better math students most. Gap between. Gap in career opportunities will widen. between top and bottom will widen. Key will be finding meaning career help for all students!

" But that's dramatically different from life inside the country's 65 Big Picture Learning high schools. There, personalization is about tapping into students' passions through real-world internships. Relationships are cultivated through small advisory groups that stick together for four years. Tests are replaced with "public displays of learning" tied to students' own interests." This will help students help improve their special intelligence?

Education Economics


Economics of College Education

Is Financial Aid Welfare?

Education Less Valuable Than Believed

Pearson Rakes in Profits

Colleges Are Engines of Upward Mobility

Economics of Education video

Why College Tuition
is Not Going Up Rapidly

Head Start Accomplishments

Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Do Not Overspend and Other Suggestions


Seven Concerns!

Prelude: Special Report: Literacy For The Workplace
Editors Note: Employers want to use a student's Special Intelligence
and most students have one maybe two at most.
Catering to this human trait in a public system requires the very difficult task
 of managing a fair meritocratic system.


#1 Student Loans

#2 Need  
Individualized Curriculum

maximize the minimum
for students with average
Special Intelligence,
i.e. that which they do well.

maximize the maximum
 for students with really
high specially intelligence. 

minimize the maximum regret
dropouts must be lowered.


#4 Education Does Not Translate
into Market Income


# 5 Politicians and Parents
 Have Unrealistic Expectation

# 6 Local Community
Choose One or More Options
 Based On Goals

1. Improve HS Graduation Rate.

.2. Maximize Use of Free Internet Learning Materials.

3. Charter Schools Using cost/benefits analysis.

4. Maximize College Acceptance.

5. Track Students by Ability.

 6. Community or State Determines Curriculum Content.

7. A Student's Curriculum Based on What They Do Well.

8. Guided by Bloom's Taxonomy.

9. Choose between Pedagogy or Andragogy

# 7 Labor force participations rates by educational attainment, 1990 to 2016



Laws Have Unintended Consequences

  In 1962, President John F. Kennedy Executive Order 10988 led to state laws permitting the unionization of public employees.  
  In 1969, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, ruled that the Constitution forbids local schools from suspending students who bring political protest inside the schools. In his dissent, Justice Black wrote:, "I repeat that if the time has come when pupils of state-supported schools, kindergartens, grammar schools, or high schools, can defy and flout orders of school officials to keep their minds on their own schoolwork, it is the beginning of a new revolutionary era of permissiveness in this country fostered by the judiciary."[9]  
  We now have "The Language Police," education historian Diane Ravitch's meticulous but horrifying narrative of how the major textbook publishers, the testing companies and state education departments have reduced what public-school kids learn to politically correct, politically laughable pabulum and swill.  
  In 1975 Goss v. Lopez, the Court  ruled in the case of a suspended student, a hearing was required. In dissent Justice Powell wrote In 1975 Goss v. Lopez, the Court  ruled in the case of a suspended student, a hearing was required. In dissent Justice Powell wrote "One who does not comprehend the meaning and necessity for discipline is handicapped not merely in his education but throughout his subsequent life."    
  In the years since, courts and legislatures gave the neighborhood school yet another big legal obligation: Mainstream and educate severely disabled kids.  
1. Should Education Studies Affect Curriculum?
High-Dosage Tutoring and Reading Achievement: Evidence from
New York City by Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Meghan Howard Noveck - 
#23792 (CH ED LS)

Abstract of abstract reading tutoring has little affect on test results

This study examines the impact on student achievement of high-dosage
reading tutoring for middle school students in New York City Public
Schools, using a school-level randomized field experiment.
Across three years, schools offered at least 130 hours of 4-on-1 
tutoring based on a guided reading model, which consisted  of 1-on-1
 read aloud, independent reading, vocabulary review, and group 
discussion. We show that, at the mean, tutoring has a positive
and significant effect on school attendance, a positive, 
but insignificant, effect on English Language Arts (ELA) 
state test scores and no effect on math state test scores.  
There is important heterogeneity by race.  For
black students, our treatment increased attendance by 2.0 percentage
points (control mean 92.4 percent) and ELA scores by 0.09 standard
deviations per year - two times larger than the effect of the Promise
Academy Middle School in the Harlem Children's Zone and KIPP Charter
Middle Schools on reading achievement.	For Hispanic students, the
treatment effect is 0.8 percentage points on attendance (control mean
92.0 percent) and 0.01 standard deviations per year on ELA scores. 
We argue that the difference between the effectiveness of tutoring
for black and Hispanic students is best explained by the average
tutor characteristics at the schools they attend.
12.  The Effects of Graduation Requirements on Risky Health
Behaviors of High School Students
by Zhuang Hao, Benjamin W. Cowan  -  #23803 (CH ED HE)

Abstract of Abstract high math standards have negative affects

Previous studies have shown that years of formal schooling 
attained affects health behaviors, but little is known 
about how the stringency of academic programs affects such
behaviors, especially among youth.  Using national survey 
data from the Youth Risk Behavior
Surveillance System (YRBS), 
we study the effects of mathematics and
science high-school graduation requirements (HSGR) on high 
school students' risky health behaviors--specifically on 
drinking, smoking, and marijuana use.  We find that an 
increase in mathematics and science HSGR has significant 
negative impacts on alcohol consumption among high-school 
students,  especially males and non-white students. 
The effects of math and science HSGR on smoking and marijuana
use are also negative but generally less precisely estimated.
Our results suggest that curriculum design may have potential
as a policy tool to curb youth drinking.


2. Personality, IQ, and Lifetime Earnings
"This paper estimates the effects of personality traits and IQ on lifetime earnings of the men and women of the Terman study, a high-IQ U.S. sample. Age-by-age earnings profiles allow a study of when personality traits affect earnings most, and for whom the effects are strongest. I document a concave life-cycle pattern in the payoffs to personality traits, with the largest effects between the ages of 40 and 60. An interaction of traits with education reveals that personality matters most for highly educated men.

This paper estimates the effects of personality traits and IQ on lifetime earnings, both as a sum and individually by age.

The payoffs to personality traits display a concave life-cycle pattern, with the largest effects between the ages of 40 and 60.

The largest effects on earnings are found for Conscientiousness, Extraversion, and Agreeableness (negative).

An interaction of traits with education reveals that personality matters most for highly educated men.

The overall effect of Conscientiousness operates partly through education, which also has significant returns."

Mike Bloomberg identifying and closed schools failing their kids. New Mayor de Blasio took a collaborative approach to turn around 94 lowest-performing schools with substantial additional ­resources. More social services, administrative attention and collaboration were  hallmarks of Renewal.

Four years and $773 million later, a failed impact ended the program.


4. The Growing Skill Divide in the U.S. Labor Market

  • Cognitive Nonroutine: managers, computer scientists, architects, artists, etc.

  • Manual Nonroutine: food preparation, personal care, retail, etc.

  • Cognitive Routine: office and administrative, sales, etc.

  • Manual Routine: construction, manufacturing, production, etc.


5. Recent Job Growth


...stark contrast between the skill requirements in the two occupational groups growing the fastest. The cognitive nonroutine group requires complex decision-making, independent working conditions and less physical effort, while the manual nonroutine group still requires quite a bit of physical effort and does not involve a high level of cognitive tasks."

See Public Policy Affects Income Inequality

Federal Job Training Fails Again


The ticking screen time bomb | "The key is relationships": Personalized learning at Learn4Life charter schools | NEA embraces the woke agenda — but votes down “student learning”

For over a decade prior to 2012, homeschooling numbers were surging, doubling between 1999 and 2012.

Two, homeschooling is growing more racially diverse. While whites are still a majority of homeschoolers (59 percent), they make up 10 percentage points less of the total than in 2012 (69 percent), a difference that is large, but not statistically significant. 

Three, it’s possible that homeschooling is becoming less religiously motivated.

There was a 13 point drop (from 64 percent to 51 percent) in parents who home school because they find it important “to provide religious instruction.”

The percent of parents who home school because it was important to “provide moral instruction” dropped from 77 percent to 67 percent.

Should the numbers hold up, they could portend a version of homeschooling that’s considerably smaller, less white, and less religious.

Those would all be a sea change from the homeschooling we’ve known for the past twenty years. Time will tell if that actually happens.


See Solving the Lack Of Good Jobs

Millennial Educational Attainment and Income


   More Education is Not the Answer



5. Charter Schools



Charter School Growth and Replication 1/30/13.
"This is the most consistent finding across charter school evaluations.

1. The performance of charter schools as a whole varies widely...

2. Similarly, the impact of charter middle schools on student achievement is a mixed bag based on various factors. In other words, you can’t say charter middle schools are better or worse than traditional public schools. It all depends. One study examined student performance in 36 charter middle schools across 15 states, and found that charter schools were “neither more nor less successful than traditional public schools in improving student achievement, behavior, and school progress"...

3. The first three years of charter schools predict academic performance, financial viability and sustainability. In other words, it’s pretty much do or die for new charter schools. ...

4. The overall performance of charter schools has increased between 2009 and 2013. This increase was driven in part by the presence of more high-performing charters and the closure of low-performing charter schools. Students who attend charter high schools are more likely to graduate than students who attend traditional public high schools. They are also more likely go to college and earn a higher income."...





Follow the Money

Where Should Your Kid Go to College and Other Findings


Five Year Cohort Default Rate (CDR)

Borrower outcomes at for-profit institutions stand out for being worse than average,
 in general, and for their deterioration over time.
 In 1999 cohort of parent borrowers, the 5-year default rate among for-profit parents was
11.5 percent; for the 2009 cohort, it was 16.3 percent.
At private and public institutions, default rates averaged about 6 percent over this period
Treasury tabulations of NSLDS, Table 15).


Since the Great Inflation of the 1970s, monopolies in the education, medical and energy sectors have restricted supply,
while demand has been growing, causing consumer prices to inflate more than wages have risen.
Energy is nearly a third of transportation costs and a tenth of housing and agriculture.

Public education controls 92 percent of K-12 and 78 percent of higher education.
Colleges preferential government funding covered the majority of revenues.
Since 1980, college enrollment up 150% while four-year colleges up  50%,

Government increased demand and prices all areas of medicine with the passage of Medicare and Medicaid.

This analysis is adapted report published by Americans Against Monopolies




Fifth Quarter Impacts

Poor kids pay little for a great educational opportunity.

from education tax reduces inequality incentive work

I really do not agree with the author that paying full price lowers the incentive of upper middle class workers to earn the necessary money to do what is best for their kids. If anything, Tiger Moms have increased since the better college started over charging those at the top to maximize revenue to, among other things, bring in the best and brightest of those from lower income families.

It concerns me that the parents are in effect, sponsoring the competition their kids will face for the fewer and fewer good jobs. Of course in the good old days money brought the degree and the good job!


College Enrollment Skids for 8th Year in a Row in 2019,

But Student Loans Skyrocket. What Gives?

The stunning decline of men in the student headcount.

By Wolf Richter for WOLF STREET.

With college costs blowing through the roof, with “luxury student housing” and not so luxury “student housing” having become asset classes – including, of course, CMBS, now in rough waters – for global investors, with textbook publishers gouging students to the nth degree, and with the monetary value of higher education questioned in more and more corners, the inevitable happened once again: College enrollment dropped for the eighth year in a row.

The post-secondary student headcount – undergraduate and graduate students combined – in the fall semester of 2019 fell 1.3% from the fall semester last year, or by over 231,000 students to 17.97 million students, according to the Student Clearing House today. In the fall of 2011, the peak year, 20.14 million students had been enrolled. Since then, enrollment has dropped by 10.8%, or by 2.17 million students:


This is based on enrollment data submitted to the Student Clearing House by the schools. It does not include international students, which account for just under 5% of total student enrollment in the US. Duplicate headcounts – one student enrolled in two institutions – are removed from the data to eliminate double-counting.

The 10.8% decline in enrollment since 2011 comes even as student loan balances have surged 74% over the same period, from $940 billion to $1.64 trillion:



Where the heck are the men?

Women by far outnumbered men in total enrollment in the fall semester of 2019 with 10.63 million women enrolled and just 7.61 million men, meaning that overall there are now 40% more women in college than men:

  • At public four-year schools, there were 30% more women (4.51 million) than men (3.48 million)
  • At private non-profit four-year schools, there were 50% more women (2.32 million) than men (1.54 million)
  • At private for-profit four-year schools, there were more than twice as many woman (508,000) than men (241,000).
  • At public two-year schools, there were 38% more women (3.11 million) than men (2.26 million).

Over the past three years, enrollment has declined for both men and women, but faster for men (-5.2%) than for women (-1.4%). Since 2011, enrollment has declined by 13% for men and by 9.4% for women.


Charter Schools



Charter School Growth and Replication 1/30/13.
"This is the most consistent finding across charter school evaluations.

1. The performance of charter schools as a whole varies widely...

2. Similarly, the impact of charter middle schools on student achievement is a mixed bag based on various factors. In other words, you can’t say charter middle schools are better or worse than traditional public schools. It all depends. One study examined student performance in 36 charter middle schools across 15 states, and found that charter schools were “neither more nor less successful than traditional public schools in improving student achievement, behavior, and school progress"...

3. The first three years of charter schools predict academic performance, financial viability and sustainability. In other words, it’s pretty much do or die for new charter schools. ...

4. The overall performance of charter schools has increased between 2009 and 2013. This increase was driven in part by the presence of more high-performing charters and the closure of low-performing charter schools. Students who attend charter high schools are more likely to graduate than students who attend traditional public high schools. They are also more likely go to college and earn a higher income."...







Parents and politicians foster a very negative educational atmosphere by requiring a highly academic education for most students when many students have a nonacademic special intelligence.

Teaching is also more difficult because fewer and fewer good U.S. jobs exist in our very competitive “Flat World.” [].

Some schools are doing a good job with individualized curriculum
[] where teachers manage rather than lecture.

Our memory-based l testing system should change to a 21st Century Technology-based, Activity-driven, Question Oriented System. [ Tech-based%20education.htm]


Debt is a Problem



American Apprenticeships on the Rise

Apprenticeship programs are more prevalent and successful in other countries than in America. In the United Kingdom, the apprenticeship system was nearly nonexistent about two decades ago. However, since 1997 the UK has increased apprenticeship starts almost fourfold, from approximately 75,000 apprenticeship starts to a little over 290,000 starts during the 2015-2016 term.

The UK has also changed the composition of apprenticeships. Apprenticeships used to be designed around blue-collar jobs such as construction or manufacturing. More recently, the UK has been encouraging the growth of apprenticeships from intermediate- level apprenticeships to advanced- and higher-level apprenticeships in “non-traditional” industries, such as information technology or management.

Funding for the apprenticeship programs in England are now paid for through an “Apprenticeship Levy” that is raised on employers. Companies with an annual payroll over approximately $4 million must pay 0.5% of the payroll bill, but they then receive this levy in the form of an annual allowance for apprenticeships. Unused funds do not carry over to the next tax year. For companies paying less than $4 million in payroll, the costs of the programs are split with the government.

Also, Neese argues that federal tax credits would be more effective than state tax credits because everyone has a federal tax liability. The federal tax credit would encourage apprenticeship programs by reducing the cost to companies through lower taxes. In South Carolina, businesses can receive a $1,000 tax credit for each registered apprentice per year for up to four years.A

Apprenticeships in the United States are often thought as a Plan B to college, but they do not have to be. High schools do not advertise apprenticeships as viable alternatives to college. This is often because states base their high school ratings on the number of graduates that go to college afterwards. If ranking systems were changed, high schools would likely be more willing to promote other paths into the workforce.


Discovering the proper formula for expanding apprenticeship programs in the United States will take time and experimentation to perfect. Fortunately, the United States benefits from being able to learn from trials in different states. The goal of reaching 5 million apprenticeships in the United States is lofty, but as the South Carolina example suggests, some employers and employees are ready to embrace the apprenticeship pathway.

Apprenticeship programs in South Carolina have been particularly effective. Brad Neese, Associate Vice President and Director at Apprenticeship Carolina, and his company have found great success connecting youths to registered apprenticeship programs in the state.

In the past decade, the South Carolinian apprenticeship programs have grown substantially. Neese said that when he began working for Apprenticeship Carolina he only hoped to get four companies to join that year. Instead, he got four companies in one day.

Since 2007, South Carolina has increased the number of apprenticeship programs from 90 to 918 and the number of active apprentices from 777 to 14,475. The extensive growth illustrates that a demand exists from both employers and employees for apprenticeship programs.

The South Carolina experience could be an example to other states. Neese believes South Carolina’s success can extend to all of the country through state-specific programs and federal tax credits. Because all states have different economic conditions in terms of popular industries, labor force participation, etc., Neese does not believe that a uniform apprenticeship program will match the needs of individual states.

Four Hard Questions That Will Dictate the Future of Career and Technical Education

Will we accept that CTE often entails "voucher schools"??

Will we accept that expanding CTE may eliminate some existing teaching positions?

Will we accept that traditional teacher preparation is inadequate or unnecessary for CTE instructors? 

Will we accept CTE's bedrock reliance on high-stakes testing?



1. Mark Cuban Bloomberg Interview:
Future of Education


"Johnson: So essentially what you're making the case for is education and job training for grown ups.

 No, no. I think that won't matter.
What are you going to go back and learn to do?

Johnson: What it takes, right? Whether it's finance, whether it's software programming.

 No finance. That's the easiest thing — you just take the data have it spit out whatever you need. 

I personally think there's going to be a greater demand in 10 years for liberal arts majors
than there were for programming majors and maybe even engineering, because when the data is all being spit out for you, options are being spit out for you, you need a different perspective in order to have a different view of the data. And so having someone who is more of a freer thinker.

Cuban's forecast of the skills needed to succeed in the future echoes that of computer science and higher education experts who believe people with "soft skills," like adaptability and communication, will have the advantage in an automated workforce. Cuban highlighted English, philosophy, and foreign language majors as just some of the majors that will do well in the future job market.

Michael Lewis, Princeton Art Major agrees with Mark Kuban/

Mark Blyth on Encouraging Technology.

2. Mark Cuban Takes on
Obama and Trump

The Coming Meltdown in College Education &
Why The Economy Won’t Get Better Any Time Soon

"The President [Obama] has introduced programs that try to reward schools that don't raise tuition and costs." Mark Cuban feels this will not work.  "Right now there is a never ending supply of buyers." who borrow heavily and then cannot flip "there college loans for that“ great job you are going to get when you graduate."


Mark believes "BRANDED schools are popping up that will offer better educations for far, far less and create better job opportunities." "Its just a matter of time until we see the same meltdown [as in housing] in traditional college education." "I include the Online For Profit Mills that live off of the government delivering student loans as part of traditional education." "So until we get the meltdown in college education, don't expect much improvement in the economy. Who gets elected won't make a dang bit of difference."

See Mark Cuban's Educational Guidance Ignored by Two Presidents

Investing in Education

Economics of College Education    

Academic Education and Training Helps a Talented Minority

More Went to College, But ...

Colleges Replacing Loans With a Share of Income
with competitive terms means
said college is a good investment choice.







Which Universities Have the Richest Graduates?

The top 10 RHSU columns of 2019

Education Week EDUCATION December 20, 2019


Well, 2019 is about to go in the books. I thought 2018 was a strange year, for America and for education alike. Well, as the man said, “You ain’t seen nothing yet.” Part of me figures that this means we’re due for something different in 2020—but another part is muttering, “Yeah, that’s what you thought last year.” In any event, before we turn the page, let’s take a quick spin through the good, the bad, and the ugly of 2019. In that spirit, my remarkably talented RAs Hannah Warren and RJ Martin sat down with me to sift through the last year’s archives and tag the top 10 columns. We took into account web views, reader reaction, our personal preferences, and the secretive algorithm cooked up by the home office in Burbank, in order to bring you the very best of RHSU, circa 2019.

There were a few that didn’t make the final cut but that seemed to merit a mention. So I’ll give a quick nod to three that just missed the cut: Four Surprising Truths About U.S. Schooling (June 24, 2019), When Did Good Parenting Become a Problem? (March 25, 2019), and 4 Reasons I’m Wary of School Reform’s Pivot to ‘Practice (January 28, 2019). Now, without further ado, here are the top 10 RHSU columns of 2019:

10. SEL Is Easy to Love, Which Should Make Us Nervous, January 21, 2019: When reforms seem intuitive, it’s natural for supporters to focus on “scale” and “implementation” rather than consider what could possibly go wrong.

9. Rejecting Personal Responsibility Is No Way to Promote Educational Equity, September 9, 2019: Fearing to tell students they’re responsible for doing their part is to set them up for failure.

8. The Secret Source of Lost Learning and Educator Burnout, June 10, 2019: Teachers spend more than a third of their instructional time on tasks other than instruction. And that’s before we add in paperwork done outside the classroom.

7. How to Make the Case for School Choice, October 28, 2019: Choice advocates tend to argue that school choice “works,” the public school system is a failure, and moral authority is on their side. There’s a much stronger argument.

6. The Problem With Education Research Fixated on ‘What Works?’, April 22, 2019: Our relentless focus on “What works?” has rewarded programs designed to yield short-term bumps in test scores while distracting attention from more fundamental and complex efforts.

5. Talking Personalized, Data-Rich Equity With Education Guy Paul Banksley, June 17, 2019: Rick recently got another chance to interview Paul Banksley, the edu-visionary and founder of Tomorrows Are for Tomorrow. Here’s what he said.

4. The Wham-O Pudding Essay Contest Theory of Educational Innovation, July 15, 2019: I regularly receive invitations to participate in essay contests devoted to rethinking American education. These competitions, I fear, are the worst way to spur real change.

3. Five Signs Your Reform Has Become Another Education Fad, October 7, 2019: Eager vendors, early-adopting educators, and media adulation can be taken as evidence that a reform is going swimmingly—but these signs are frequently misread.

2. That’s Not Helpful, RickJune 3, 2019Once or twice a week, someone tells me that something I’d written “wasn’t helpful.” But what they usually have in mind is “shut up and get with the program.”

1. The Parable of the Teacher and the Experts, September 3, 2019: It’s the dawn of a new school year. As Rick sat down to write about it, he got a premonition of how this school year will once again go for so many.