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Evaluating U.S. Education

Special     Proposed Education Manifesto 

Student Stuff    

Classroom Stuff     Curriculum   

Teacher Stuff  

Education Economics    Investing in Education

Six Concerns

Key Studies Follow the Money

 Please  

Evaluating U.S. Education

Prelude: Some schools are doing a good job with
Individualized Curriculum
because
teachers manage rather than just lecture.
 

Education Overview Videos
Changing Education Paradigms
 

How To Help Every Child Fulfill Their Potential
10 min video and Speech
videos
from Royal Society for Arts, 
Manufactures and Commerce

 

Human Capital and the Role of Education 
20 min. video
Witwatersrand Johannesburg University
 

The Secret Power of Time  10 min video
 

Public Education
Homework an Unnecessary Evil Surprising Findings

Don't blame Kids
For Not Enjoy School a Study Suggests

The Long Shadow of Race, Class and
 Privilege in Baltimore 1 of 5

by Karl L. Alexander  Johns Hopkins University

A Statistician's Analysis of IQ,
Heredity and Education

Charter Schools
2013 Study

What We Can Learn From
Closure Of Charter School ,,,

 

Fiscal and Education Spillovers
of Charter School Expansion

Greater charter attendance increases per-pupil expenditures in traditional public schools, induces them to shift expenditure to instruction/salaries and a small positive effect on non-charter students’ achievement. 7/18

 

Testing
LONG TERM TESTING RESULTS
Tests stay same, scores slightly up
 Tests get harder, scores stagnate

Psychologists studied 5,000 genius kids for 45 years,
here are their 6 key takeaways

1992_National Adult Literacy Survey

Massachusetts, Our Best PISA 2012 State,
Scored Poorly in Mathematics, Or Did They?

The Evidence for Standardized Tests Exists

Exam Schools
make little academic difference


Top Coding Boot Camps
Coding Boot Camps vs. College

Note: Open enrollment for profit programs
are a new name for trade/career schools

 

U.S. Colleges Have the Second Highest
 Per Pupil Spending

 

Not All College Majors Are Created Equal

American Higher Education Turned False Promise

America's Most Overrated Product-Higher Education
from Marty Nemko

Apprenticeship Programs

2014 Class Continues Underemployment Trend

Debt Causes Millennia's to Regret Going to College

Is Financial Aid Welfare?

Proposed Education Manifesto 
Updated 12/1/18      

 Education Manifesto

Part 1 Opinions Matter

Educational Advice of
Historical/Current Leaders

Part 2 Education Truths Example

Ten Commandments of Education
suggestions to these Axiom and Postulate
antonw@ix.netcom.com

 Part 3 Adjustments Needed
 
World Changed, Good Jobs Disappeared

Part 4 Implementation Goals

Local Community Prioritize Goals

Educating the Class of 2034

Laboratories of democracy approach

Tech-Based Education approach

 Contact
Walter Antoniotti     antonw@ix.netcom.com

Editor's Note:
There has not been a significant increase in the percentage of careers requiring a Bachelor's Degree.

See Economics of a College Education

What Should Education Accomplish

Education in a World of Multiple

 Intelligence 

 

 

Media, Political, and Educator Misrepresentations

The Job Training Charade

 

Five Bad Education Assumptions the Media Keeps Recycling

 

GED Doesn't Affect Employment
 and Earnings

 

Big Bad Decisions
 Have Created Big Bad Schools

political protest, less discipline added responsibilities

 

Debt and Grade Inflation Problem

 


Student Stuff

Self Reliance Thoreau video

 Homework Help

Graduate Career Options

Not All Majors
Are Created Equal


Choosing a College/Major

Free Stuff

Student Personal Finance

Homework Help by Subject

Exam Strategies +

Geekability is Important
for Success

Downside to Attending
 Academically Selective School


 

Classroom Stuff

One-Page Class Handouts

Education Internet Library
 
for education majors
and teachers

Free Education Books 

Free Excel Stuff
for Teachers

Skills vs. Behavior

Learning and Memory

 The Importance of Grades

Old Stuff

Education Thoughts

 



 

Curriculum Stuff

Individualized Curriculum

Degrees With Industry Certifications

Born to Build

The Quick Notes Philosophy

Tech Base, Real World, Activity Driven,
Question Oriented Curriculum

1992 National Adult Literacy Survey

The Myth of the Skills Gap

Specific Skill Needs

Interesting Studies

Talent Optimized

German Education System

Four-Day School Weeks?

Year-round benefits
students, teachers and administration

Teacher Stuff

Lifelong Teacher Reflections

Retired Educator's Thoughts

Tracking Helps High-Ability
Minority Students


Disruptive Students Hurt Peers


Andrew Hacker Debates Value of Math for Everyone

History of
American Education

Cognitive Bias

Education Reform Internet Library

Teacher Pay Penalty

 

A Good Idea

Personalized Learning

"What Does a Typical Day Look Like?

"Each day in San Jose, Calif., about 15,000 elementary students use a popular software program called Dreambox Learning. Math class starts with 20 minutes of whole-class instruction. Then students are split into small groups. For the next 40 minutes, they cycle between time with a teacher, time working collaboratively with peers, and independent work on Dreambox.

Jessie Woolley-Wilson, the company's CEO, says that if schools are using her product, they're doing personalized learning. That's because the software is "intelligently adaptive"—it helps students who are behind catch up and lets students who are ahead move forward. If the software notices that a student is using an inefficient procedure to solve a particular problem, it might cut in with a targeted lesson son."  Editor's Notes: Great for reading. This will help the employment of better math students most. Gap between. Gap in career opportunities will widen. between top and bottom will widen. Key will be finding meaning career help for all students!

" But that's dramatically different from life inside the country's 65 Big Picture Learning high schools. There, personalization is about tapping into students' passions through real-world internships. Relationships are cultivated through small advisory groups that stick together for four years. Tests are replaced with "public displays of learning" tied to students' own interests." This will help students help improve their special intelligence?

 

 

Education Economics

Investigation

Economics of College Education

Is Financial Aid Welfare?

Education Less Valuable Than Believed

Pearson Rakes in Profits

Colleges Are Engines of Upward Mobility

Economics of Education
video 25 min.

Why College Tuition
is Not Going Up Rapidly

Head Start Accomplishments

Some Thoughts Concerning Education

 

 

Six Concerns

Prelude: Special Report: Literacy For The Workplace
Editors Note: Employers want to use a student's Special Intelligence
and most students have one maybe two at most.
Catering to this human trait in a public system requires the very difficult task
 of managing a meritocratic system.

#2 Need  
Individualized Curriculum

maximize the minimum
for students with average
Special Intelligence,
i.e. that which they do well.

maximize the maximum
 for students with really high
specially intelligence. 

minimize the maximum regret
dropouts must be lowered.

#4 Education Does Not Translate
into Market Income

# 5 Politicians and Parents
 Have Unrealistic Expectation

# 6 Local Community Choose
One or More Options Based On Goals


1. Improve HS Graduation Rate.

.2. Maximize Use of Free Internet Learning Materials.

3. Charter Schools Using cost/benefits analysis.

4. Maximize College Acceptance.

5. Track Students by Ability.

 6. Community or State Determines Curriculum Content.

7. A Student's Curriculum Based on What They Do Well.

8. Guided by Bloom's Taxonomy.

9. Choose between Pedagogy or Andragogy


# 7Labor force participations rates by educational attainment, 1990 to 2016

 

 

Laws Have Unintended Consequences

In 1969, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, ruled that the Constitution forbids local schools from suspending students who bring political protest inside the schools. In his dissent, Justice Black wrote: "This case, wholly without constitutional reasons in my judgment, subjects all the public schools in the country to the whims and caprices of their loudest-mouthed, but maybe not their brightest, students." Now we know: He was right
Two years later, in Goss v. Lopez, the Court .
In dissent, Justice Powell
wrote:
   "One who does not comprehend the meaning and necessity for discipline is handicapped not merely in his education but throughout his subsequent life."
In the years since, courts and legislatures gave the neighborhood school yet another big legal obligation: Mainstream and educate severely disabled kids.    

In 1962, President John F. Kennedy Executive Order 10988 led to state   laws permitting the unionization of public employees
We now have "The Language Police," education historian Diane Ravitch's meticulous but horrifying narrative of how the major textbook publishers, the testing companies and state education departments have     reduced what public-school kids learn to politically correct, politically laughable pabulum and swill.
1. Should Education Studies Affect Curriculum?
High-Dosage Tutoring and Reading Achievement: Evidence from
New York City by Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Meghan Howard Noveck - 
#23792 (CH ED LS)

Abstract of abstract reading tutoring has little affect on test results
Abstract:

This study examines the impact on student achievement of high-dosage
reading tutoring for middle school students in New York City Public
Schools, using a school-level randomized field experiment.
Across three years, schools offered at least 130 hours of 4-on-1 
tutoring based on a guided reading model, which consisted  of 1-on-1
 read aloud, independent reading, vocabulary review, and group 
discussion. We show that, at the mean, tutoring has a positive
and significant effect on school attendance, a positive, 
but insignificant, effect on English Language Arts (ELA) 
state test scores and no effect on math state test scores.  
There is important heterogeneity by race.  For
black students, our treatment increased attendance by 2.0 percentage
points (control mean 92.4 percent) and ELA scores by 0.09 standard
deviations per year - two times larger than the effect of the Promise
Academy Middle School in the Harlem Children's Zone and KIPP Charter
Middle Schools on reading achievement.	For Hispanic students, the
treatment effect is 0.8 percentage points on attendance (control mean
92.0 percent) and 0.01 standard deviations per year on ELA scores. 
We argue that the difference between the effectiveness of tutoring
for black and Hispanic students is best explained by the average
tutor characteristics at the schools they attend.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W23792?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=email&utm_source=ntw
 
 
12.  The Effects of Graduation Requirements on Risky Health
Behaviors of High School Students
by Zhuang Hao, Benjamin W. Cowan  -  #23803 (CH ED HE)

Abstract of Abstract high math standards have negative affects
Abstract:

Previous studies have shown that years of formal schooling 
attained affects health behaviors, but little is known 
about how the stringency of academic programs affects such
behaviors, especially among youth.  Using national survey 
data from the Youth Risk Behavior
Surveillance System (YRBS), 
we study the effects of mathematics and
science high-school graduation requirements (HSGR) on high 
school students' risky health behaviors--specifically on 
drinking, smoking, and marijuana use.  We find that an 
increase in mathematics and science HSGR has significant 
negative impacts on alcohol consumption among high-school 
students,  especially males and non-white students. 
The effects of math and science HSGR on smoking and marijuana
use are also negative but generally less precisely estimated.
Our results suggest that curriculum design may have potential
as a policy tool to curb youth drinking.

http://papers.nber.org/papers/W23803?utm_campaign=ntw&utm_medium=
email&utm_source=ntw
2. Personality, IQ, and Lifetime Earnings
"This paper estimates the effects of personality traits and IQ on lifetime earnings of the men and women of the Terman study, a high-IQ U.S. sample. Age-by-age earnings profiles allow a study of when personality traits affect earnings most, and for whom the effects are strongest. I document a concave life-cycle pattern in the payoffs to personality traits, with the largest effects between the ages of 40 and 60. An interaction of traits with education reveals that personality matters most for highly educated men. The largest effects are found for Conscientiousness, Extraversion, and Agreeableness (negative), where Conscientiousness operates partly through education, which also has significant returns."

This paper estimates the effects of personality traits and IQ on lifetime earnings, both as a sum and individually by age.

The payoffs to personality traits display a concave life-cycle pattern, with the largest effects between the ages of 40 and 60.

The largest effects on earnings are found for Conscientiousness, Extraversion, and Agreeableness (negative).

An interaction of traits with education reveals that personality matters most for highly educated men.

The overall effect of Conscientiousness operates partly through education, which also has significant returns."

 

 

3. The Growing Skill Divide in the U.S. Labor Market

  • Cognitive Nonroutine: managers, computer scientists, architects, artists, etc.

  • Manual Nonroutine: food preparation, personal care, retail, etc.

  • Cognitive Routine: office and administrative, sales, etc.

  • Manual Routine: construction, manufacturing, production, etc.

 

Recent Job Growth

 

'...stark contrast between the skill requirements in the two occupational groups growing the fastest. The cognitive nonroutine group requires complex decision-making, independent working conditions and less physical effort, while the manual nonroutine group still requires quite a bit of physical effort and does not involve a high level of cognitive tasks."

See Public Policy Affects Income Inequality

Federal Job Training Fails Again

Educational Attainment of Employed Hispanics

 

See Solving the Lack Of Good Jobs

Millennial Educational Attainment and Income

 

   More Education is Not the Answer

 

 

4. Charter Schools

 

 

Charter School Growth and Replication 1/30/13.
"This is the most consistent finding across charter school evaluations.

1. The performance of charter schools as a whole varies widely...

2. Similarly, the impact of charter middle schools on student achievement is a mixed bag based on various factors. In other words, you can’t say charter middle schools are better or worse than traditional public schools. It all depends. One study examined student performance in 36 charter middle schools across 15 states, and found that charter schools were “neither more nor less successful than traditional public schools in improving student achievement, behavior, and school progress"...

3. The first three years of charter schools predict academic performance, financial viability and sustainability. In other words, it’s pretty much do or die for new charter schools. ...

4. The overall performance of charter schools has increased between 2009 and 2013. This increase was driven in part by the presence of more high-performing charters and the closure of low-performing charter schools. Students who attend charter high schools are more likely to graduate than students who attend traditional public high schools. They are also more likely go to college and earn a higher income."...

 

 

 

 

Follow the Money

Where Should Your Kid Go to College and Other Findings

 

Five Year Cohort Default Rate (CDR)

Borrower outcomes at for-profit institutions stand out for being worse than average,
 in general, and for their deterioration over time.
 In 1999 cohort of parent borrowers, the 5-year default rate among for-profit parents was 11.5 percent;
 for the 2009 cohort, it was 16.3 percent.
At private and public institutions, default rates averaged about 6 percent over this period
 (
Treasury tabulations of NSLDS, Table 15).

 

Since the Great Inflation of the 1970s, monopolies in the education, medical and energy sectors have restricted supply,
while demand has been growing, causing consumer prices to inflate more than wages have risen.
Energy is nearly a third of transportation costs and a tenth of housing and agriculture.

Public education controls 92 percent of K-12 and 78 percent of higher education.
Colleges preferential government funding covered the majority of revenues.
Since 1980, college enrollment up 150% while four-year colleges up  50%,

Government increased demand and prices all areas of medicine with the passage of Medicare and Medicaid.

This analysis is adapted report published by Americans Against Monopolies

 

 

 

Fifth Quarter Impacts

Poor kids pay little for a great educational opportunity.

from education tax reduces inequality incentive work

I really do not agree with the author that paying full price lowers the incentive of upper middle class workers to earn the necessary money to do what is best for their kids. If anything, Tiger Moms have increased since the better college started over charging those at the top to maximize revenue to, among other things, bring in the best and brightest of those from lower income families.

It concerns me that the parents are in effect, sponsoring the competition their kids will face for the fewer and fewer good jobs. Of course in the good old days money brought the degree and the good job!

 
 
 

Charter Schools

 

 

Charter School Growth and Replication 1/30/13.
"This is the most consistent finding across charter school evaluations.

1. The performance of charter schools as a whole varies widely...

2. Similarly, the impact of charter middle schools on student achievement is a mixed bag based on various factors. In other words, you can’t say charter middle schools are better or worse than traditional public schools. It all depends. One study examined student performance in 36 charter middle schools across 15 states, and found that charter schools were “neither more nor less successful than traditional public schools in improving student achievement, behavior, and school progress"...

3. The first three years of charter schools predict academic performance, financial viability and sustainability. In other words, it’s pretty much do or die for new charter schools. ...

4. The overall performance of charter schools has increased between 2009 and 2013. This increase was driven in part by the presence of more high-performing charters and the closure of low-performing charter schools. Students who attend charter high schools are more likely to graduate than students who attend traditional public high schools. They are also more likely go to college and earn a higher income."...

 

 

 

 

 

gradeinflation.com/

 

 

 

This might work in the beginning, but at some point,
like the new math of the 1960, it is just another reason
 to stop learning not only math, but everything,

 

 

Editorial

Parents and politicians foster a very negative educational atmosphere by requiring a highly academic education for most students when many students have a nonacademic special intelligence.
[http://www.textbooksfree.org/Educating%20the%20Class%20of%202034.htm#Special_Intelligence]

Teaching is also more difficult because fewer and fewer good U.S. jobs exist in our very competitive “Flat World.” [http://www.textbooksfree.org/World%20Changed%20and%20Good%20Jobs%20Disappeared.htm].

Some schools are doing a good job with individualized curriculum
[http://www.textbooksfree.org/Individualized%20Curriculum.htm] where teachers manage rather than lecture.

Our memory-based l testing system should change to a 21st Century Technology-based, Activity-driven, Question Oriented System. [http://www.textbooksfree.org/ Tech-based%20education.htm]

Debt is a Problem

img20 

Education

American Apprenticeships on the Rise

Apprenticeship programs are more prevalent and successful in other countries than in America. In the United Kingdom, the apprenticeship system was nearly nonexistent about two decades ago. However, since 1997 the UK has increased apprenticeship starts almost fourfold, from approximately 75,000 apprenticeship starts to a little over 290,000 starts during the 2015-2016 term.

The UK has also changed the composition of apprenticeships. Apprenticeships used to be designed around blue-collar jobs such as construction or manufacturing. More recently, the UK has been encouraging the growth of apprenticeships from intermediate- level apprenticeships to advanced- and higher-level apprenticeships in “non-traditional” industries, such as information technology or management.

Funding for the apprenticeship programs in England are now paid for through an “Apprenticeship Levy” that is raised on employers. Companies with an annual payroll over approximately $4 million must pay 0.5% of the payroll bill, but they then receive this levy in the form of an annual allowance for apprenticeships. Unused funds do not carry over to the next tax year. For companies paying less than $4 million in payroll, the costs of the programs are split with the government.

Also, Neese argues that federal tax credits would be more effective than state tax credits because everyone has a federal tax liability. The federal tax credit would encourage apprenticeship programs by reducing the cost to companies through lower taxes. In South Carolina, businesses can receive a $1,000 tax credit for each registered apprentice per year for up to four years.A

Apprenticeships in the United States are often thought as a Plan B to college, but they do not have to be. High schools do not advertise apprenticeships as viable alternatives to college. This is often because states base their high school ratings on the number of graduates that go to college afterwards. If ranking systems were changed, high schools would likely be more willing to promote other paths into the workforce.

 

Discovering the proper formula for expanding apprenticeship programs in the United States will take time and experimentation to perfect. Fortunately, the United States benefits from being able to learn from trials in different states. The goal of reaching 5 million apprenticeships in the United States is lofty, but as the South Carolina example suggests, some employers and employees are ready to embrace the apprenticeship pathway.

Apprenticeship programs in South Carolina have been particularly effective. Brad Neese, Associate Vice President and Director at Apprenticeship Carolina, and his company have found great success connecting youths to registered apprenticeship programs in the state.

In the past decade, the South Carolinian apprenticeship programs have grown substantially. Neese said that when he began working for Apprenticeship Carolina he only hoped to get four companies to join that year. Instead, he got four companies in one day.

Since 2007, South Carolina has increased the number of apprenticeship programs from 90 to 918 and the number of active apprentices from 777 to 14,475. The extensive growth illustrates that a demand exists from both employers and employees for apprenticeship programs.

The South Carolina experience could be an example to other states. Neese believes South Carolina’s success can extend to all of the country through state-specific programs and federal tax credits. Because all states have different economic conditions in terms of popular industries, labor force participation, etc., Neese does not believe that a uniform apprenticeship program will match the needs of individual states.

Four Hard Questions That Will Dictate the Future of Career and Technical Education

Will we accept that CTE often entails "voucher schools"??

Will we accept that expanding CTE may eliminate some existing teaching positions?

Will we accept that traditional teacher preparation is inadequate or unnecessary for CTE instructors? 

Will we accept CTE's bedrock reliance on high-stakes testing?

four_hard_questions_that_will_dictate_the_future_of_career_and_technical_education.html

Special

1. Mark Cuban Bloomberg Interview:
Future of Education

 

"Johnson: So essentially what you're making the case for is education and job training for grown ups.

Cuban:
 No, no. I think that won't matter.
What are you going to go back and learn to do?

Johnson: What it takes, right? Whether it's finance, whether it's software programming.

Cuban:
 No finance. That's the easiest thing — you just take the data have it spit out whatever you need. 

I personally think there's going to be a greater demand in 10 years for liberal arts majors
than there were for programming majors and maybe even engineering, because when the data is all being spit out for you, options are being spit out for you, you need a different perspective in order to have a different view of the data. And so having someone who is more of a freer thinker.

Cuban's forecast of the skills needed to succeed in the future echoes that of computer science and higher education experts who believe people with "soft skills," like adaptability and communication, will have the advantage in an automated workforce. Cuban highlighted English, philosophy, and foreign language majors as just some of the majors that will do well in the future job market. "

Michael Lewis, Princeton Art Major agrees with Mark Kuban/

Mark Blyth on Encouraging Technology.

 

2. Mark Cuban Takes on
Obama and Trump

The Coming Meltdown in College Education &
Why The Economy Won’t Get Better Any Time Soon

"The President [Obama] has introduced programs that try to reward schools that don't raise tuition and costs." Mark Cuban feels this will not work.  "Right now there is a never ending supply of buyers." who borrow heavily and then cannot flip "there college loans for that“ great job you are going to get when you graduate."

Mark believes "BRANDED schools are popping up that will offer better educations for far, far less and create better job opportunities." "Its just a matter of time until we see the same meltdown [as in housing] in traditional college education." "I include the Online For Profit Mills that live off of the government delivering student loans as part of traditional education." "So until we get the meltdown in college education, don't expect much improvement in the economy. Who gets elected won't make a dang bit of difference."

See Mark Cuban's Educational Guidance Ignored by Two Presidents

Investing in Education

Economics of College Education    

Academic Education and Training Helps a Talented Minority

Colleges Replacing Loans With a Share of Income
with competitive terms means
said college is a good investment choice.

p

 


 

 

Bonus stat: Slackers sometimes prosper
  • "Steve Jobs finished high school with a 2.65 G.P.A."
  • "J.K. Rowling graduated from the University of Exeter with roughly a C average."
  • "Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. got only one A in his four years at Morehouse."
    — Adam Grant, NYT