Geopolitics: Part 2 Understanding China
US China Relations Timeline 1949-2021
Policy Experts K. Rudd W, Overholt H. Swift L. Chen G. Allison cfr.org/
Major events :
Nanking, Whampoa, Aigun Shimonoseki
China's Development Model
Followed Tiger Country Development Procedures
Like earlier Tigers, China's Vanguard Communist Party
1. Peasant farmers began taking Communal land,
dramatically, Communist Party
2. The Party gave up control of urban industry
directing sales revenue to flow first to companies
3. Government Inefficient was cut in half.
earlier Tigers, success made
a simple economy complex, a
ensued, change was needed.
Tiger's Managing Change
Taiwan orchestrating a slow liberalization of policy increase economic activity and enhancing Party political control.
so reformers shot him. Union reactions to the takeover
reforms caused much stress.
Control Always Wins
Result: Success is getting more difficult.
from China Crisis of Success video Dr. William Overholt
China's Crisis of Success: Book Talk with Dr. William Overholt
1) Communist Party's prerogatives, power, and presage are paramount
To maintain its legitimacy it
must take back day-to day control of daily
2) Xi Jinping is a Marxist with a
strong believes in the
a. He ordered studies of
Dialectical materialism to counter
b. Xi knew
economic growth must continue but not beyond the point
3) Educating toward nationalism using modern propaganda technique
1) Theoretical Alternatives
a. Despair of Realism: all super
powers want to maximize their share of world power and dominate the international
Control of Strutted
2) Legitimacy and Survival Requirements of China's International Policy
Chinese citizens are
a new multimedia app from the propaganda ministry
High scorers are
praised by state media, low scorers are stigmatized at work and school.
d) Sustainable Environmental
Economic Development with clean air, water, and soil is important.
f) Western Territory Integrity
eliminating the long history of Western and Northern invaders.
3) Chinese International Policy: An Amalgamation of Alternative Theories
a) Marxian world view
b) Realist view of military power
view of banking and private corporations
e) Constructive view of China's role in managing world order
Aggressive Strategic International Plan
1. Original Plan Hide Strengths, Bide Time
a. Xi now has more centralized
2. A New Confident,
Independent, International Plan
a) Expand South China Sea Militarism
Asian Infrastructure Development Bank
launched and capitalized
3) Well Conceived Grand Strategy
a) Based on a clearly defined policy purposes
b) Think a situation through, observe in detail as it relates to historical trends
c) Set a new direction
4) Recent Changes
role of Communist Party and Ideology
b) Ideological Confidence increased
5. How a one-party state ideates using political topic/lingua franca is important
c) More Sharply Focused Chinese Diplomacy
to Lead/Improve Global Government Reform
2. China must now
control the reform of international order
3. Change U.S.
Controlled Global Governess based on a
complex web of world organizations
4. Global Governance Improvement
5. Reasons for
5) China's Big Fear
After a record $46 billion of completed 2016
Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) in the US,
Note: Many China experts hold that this well designed and hold it .
See Foreign Relations Power International Plan U.S. - China , N. K. the Future of the Global Order
Competition and the Future of U.S.-China Relations
Responding to China: Strategic Plan Source K. Rudd
Government not designed for determining Governmental Grand Strategies
of Strategic Engagement Replaced by Strategic Competition
3. Liberal democratic capitalistic markets have not resulting in Chinese liberalization.
A. Recent Chinese actions not compatible with America's Interest.
1. US strategy of treating her as a
strategic competitor is correct
2. She uses perceived difficulties with our system to influence allies.
3. Military expansion to control the China
Free trade must be
managed by an agreed upon economic playbook
B. Rudd: Washington's latest attitude toward China is not positive.
Geopolitical Factors for Next Four Years
1) China wants
Pro or Neutral border allies free of U.S. influence
2) U.S. wants No Nuclear Weapons
3) Both China and US are practicing containment
4) Status Quo
|Confucian Values||American Values|
Authority Creates Hierarchy
Subordination of individual rights
Democracy Creates Equality
Supremacy of the state over society
Supremacy of society over individual
Distrust the government
|Importance of consensus
to avoid confrontation
|Importance of checks and balances
to insure freedom
China defines identity in racial terms
The Chinese people of the same race,
blood, and culture.
External affairs are an
extension of their concept of internal order.
among many countries and
organizations within countries beginning with the 12th century
City of London Corporation
meant control over nature so 16th Century Newtonian Physics created
Used only in Europe, the neighboring Ottoman Empire felt it was blasphemous to probe the mind of God.
based on the
Rule of Law,
allowed for the accumulation of land.
In N. America an Indentured Servants signed a contract, work, got 100 acres of land. In S. America, ancestors of conquistadores kept property.
Freedom is rooted in private property right and the protection of law. They are the basis of the Western Model of Representative Government
in late 19th century began curing
infectious diseases doubled expected life span
required for Industrial
Revolution to have a point propels economic growth.
Japan was the first Eastern Society to embrace it. while Gandhi proposed to institutionalize poverty, make it permanent,
|The Work Ethic
is not peculiarly to protestant
as with incentives many societies work.
Poor countries work most, US. for a rich country, is close behind, with Christian Europe working least.
Neil Fergusson Three Questions
Can You Delete These Apps and is the Western World Attempting Deletions?
the Sequence of the Download Matter and Could Africa Get that
Can China be free without property rights and rule of law protection?
What is China’s Grand Strategy? You Tube
China's Growing Clout in Latin America
of a New International Order
and Trump's New Political Era?
Return to GeopoliticsIndex 4/2/19
See Latest from Kevin Rudd 12/5/18 Video