Understanding Fake News
Return Education Libraries   10/29/18 
Thanks! Walter Antoniotti   antonw@ix.netcom.com 

What is Fake News

Definition: 
When Professionals Provide Inadequate Information

it's not “deliberate online falsehoods”  which are Lies, Not Fake News.

 

Causes: Inadequate Information

1. Judgment Clouded by
Prejudice for and Prejudice Against

2. Subject Ignorance

3. Ease of Audience Acceptance

Cause Applications
1) Prejudice for dominates
education, economics, the military and politics

2) Ignorance dominates political correctness

3) Prejudice against dominates race relations

4) Poor Data Analysis

 

Most Harmful Applications

1. Politics

2. Education

3. Economics

4. Political Correctness

5 Sports

Most Dangerous Examples:

1) Politics dominated by
excessive personality traits over policy.

2) Education dominated by
high academic achievement.

3) Economics dominated by
need for legitimacy

4) Political Correctness dominated by
ignorance of effect

5) Sports dominated by
Ease of Audience Acceptance
 

Fake News Warnings

1) Politics: Understanding Policy Should Replace Personality
explores Trumpisms, what is a poor lies vs. poor communication.

2) Education: Special Intelligence Should Dominate
explores a curriculum based on individualized curriculum,
what student's do well.

3) Economic Education is a Society/Economists Responsibility
for public discussions about economic wellbeing.

4) Political Correct Ignorance Creates Much Fake News
concerning appropriate human behavior. 

5) Sports Reporting Lacks Depth
explores Belichick's Coaching and Patriots plus
Celtics and Red Sox Ownership. 

6. National Debt Used to Control Constituents

politicians and Media allow their prejudice, strong personalities and
ease of audience acceptance avoid policy questions

 

7. Inflation Measurements Misdirects Policy
m
edia doesn't understand
economists follow their prejudice

See: Media Negativity 4 min video

 

Fake News Warnings

1. Politics

Fake News Reports on Personality not Policy
Personality Entices Constitutes, Issues Requires Understanding
Insinuating that Trumpisms are lies and not just Political Hyperbole is Fake News

Especially If Nuclear Disarmament and the like are Ignored

a) What Trump Said on Puerto Rico's Hurricane
 “FIFTY TIMES LAST ORIGINAL NUMBER - NO WAY!” he tweeted late Friday. Source

What Trump Meant Requires Interpretation

Direct Hit cause about 60 deaths, Increase had little to do with FEMA performance.
 Culprit for much larger death toll was poor infrastructure.

  
  Failure was federal and local government politicians. 
   Puerto Rico competes for Federal funds with education, the military,
US social programs, support for the elderly.
Opportunity Cost of more spending should be considered relevant.

The Fake News was dominated by Trump's Poor Use of Data

b) Trump Campaign Message Reported as Fake News
 Exaggerations or Another Lie?
 Trump's Claim Actual Unemployment was 42%
 

What Trump Meant Requires Interpretation.
Trump's campaign statement should have said the US employs about 60%
    of the population which means 40% are not working unemployed.
   
Measuring Unemployment is complicated. Six measurements are required.
   Headline unemployment is the lowest estimate.
It is used by anyone wanting to simplify.
To many it is Fake News.
   Trump used data important to his constituency.
Reporting it any other way is Fake News
 
The media and the economics communities
often feel little responsibility to communicate relevant truth.
   Doing so is difficult for the media plus it causes poor ratings.

Editor's Note:

"You've got to remember, he is a real estate guy, a promoter. ...
And so he comes from a world where you exaggerate; there's a lot of hyperbole."

Michael Bloomberg

The Trump victory was a reaction to liberal Democratic Identity Poetics.

Richard Nixon's election was a reaction to the the liberal Great Society.

This is a part of the "Cycles of American History."

See Why Trump Won and American Presidents
 

2. Education

Fake News Reports Academic Success Most Important

Prejudice For Academics
Dominates Student Needs 

Individualized Curriculum are directed toward a student's Special Intelligence, their above average abilities.
It is based on multiple intelligences: Mathematical, Spatial, Bodily Movement, Musical, Verbal, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal.
Curriculum should maximize special intelligence.
Confidence provided increases future success.

Implementation Goals

Local Community Prioritize Goals

Laboratories of Democracy approach

Tech-Based Education approach

Educating the Class of 2036


 Education assumptions the media keeps recycling Source

a) Turn to other countries for solutions because our students’ performance is “mediocre.”
Long Term Testing Results tests stay same, scores slightly up. tests get harder, scores stagnate.

b )Standardized test scores are best way to judge educational success.
Massachusetts, Our Best PISA 2012 State, Scored Poorly in Mathematics, Or Did They?
“knowledge and skills to compete in the global economy.” 
is primary objective of schooling.
Investing in Education and World Changed and Good jobs Disappeared.

c) Learning is a prerequisite for getting a good job. to make more money.
 "Alas, we’re told, this “irrefutable logic still eludes many American students.”
Succeed at any cost may have tragic human costs.

From Alfie Kohn review of Amanda_Ripley's new book,
 The Smartest Kids in the World and How They Got That Way” 

See  Educating the Class of 2036
 

3. Economic Education is a Society/Economist Responsibility

Are Wages a Reported Properly?
Inflation Measurement Base Affects Result

Politicians,  Media... use quickly available data when it suits their purpose,
otherwise, they chose inappropriate supportive data.

Problems With Economic Measurements Over Time. 5 min video

Public Safety Net Helps Many

Many economists are interested in selling their opinion to think tanks, politicians, talk show entertainers and publishers.
Paul Krugman recently blamed economic journals for the inability for economists to community truth.
 

4. Political Correct Ignorance Creates Much Fake News

War on Terror Traditional Media Reporting Needs Some Causal Reporting
There is another side of the story beyond political and social self-justification.

Individuals need self-authenticity, autonomy, choices, social identity and a
collectivity based on nationalism and or religion.

Alienation drives a massive need for Community, Acceptance, Dignity as
observed during the Protestant Reformation, Hitler's Fascism and Now the Rise of China.

Revolutions are not the
Radicalization of a Belief but a Belief Being Radicalized.

Understanding of these complex events are not provided by Mass Media and result in Fake News.
Protestant Reformation improved Western Culture.
 Fascism tried to Destroy Western Culture.
Will China's Far Eastern Culture Peacefully Coexist with Western Culture/

The War on Terror of Bush 2 and Nixon's War on Drugs are political terms too quickly accepted by Mass Media.

 Critics asserted that the term "war" is not appropriate (much like the term "War on Drugs")
since there is no identifiable enemy. Once the money flowed, cancellation has not been achieved.

Many years ago the NY times reacted to massive competition by giving both sides of the story.
 It won the battle, Yellow Journalism Crested. 
It bottomed in 1969 when the fairness doctrine for broadcast media was eliminated.
Talk Radio and Identity Politics Flourished.
 

 5. Sports Coach Analysis Lacks Depth
Source Sports Internet Library

A) Belichick's Coaching at Cleveland reported as a failure by a 36–44 record.
Analysis
of the five-year experience revealed 

 

Years

W L    
  1991 5 10    
  1992 7 9    
  1993 7 9    
  1994 11 5

 NFL's number one ppg defense of 12.8

 Won Wild Card Game Beating Patriots

 
  1991-4 totals 30 33    
 

1995 Beginning

3 1

Word leaks of a franchise move to Baltimore

 
  Remaining 2 10

Source

 
  Total Totals 36 44

 

 

 

 

b) Curse of the Bambino
Selling one of the Baseball's Greatest Players put a Curse on Red Sox
 

Analyze Reveals

Harry Frazee bought the  Sox in 1916 and soon made a couple of notable trades with the Yankees.

The curse began after the Sox lost the 1918 World Series though the sale was in 1920.

Sox Manager Ed Barrow left to be Yankee general manager in 1921.

 Other Sox players were later sold or traded to the Yankees.[11]

 The term "curse of the Bambino" was created by Dan Shaughnessy 1990 book The Curse of the Bambinoy[7] Source

Most Famous failed owner: Tom Yawkey who was reluctance to employ black players with the Red Sox (1933-1976)
Most Successful Owner John W. Henry's Ownership base hired a front office headed by Larry Lucchino using Moneyball sabermetrics of Bill James,
The ownership curse ended with the
 2004 World Series.

It Should be the Curse of Ownership
Curse began shortly after new owner.

Boston Sports Success has always been based on ownership ability.
Ranking Boston Sports Ownership
1. Bruins with 25 Divisions since 1928 is longest.

Most successful Celtics Owners.
Walter Brown 1946 - 1964
Good when new good owners let "Red" run the show
Boston Basketball Partners LLC  2002-
 

Most Successful Patriots Owners 

Billy Sullivan 1960 - 1987 AFC original owner, built a Foxboro Stadium
sold his original $25,000 investment to
 Victor  Kiam for $83 million who
after one year sold it to

James Orthwein who hired Bill Parcells and insisted on using first-overall draft pick quarterback Drew Bledsoe.
His threatened move to St Louis never happened thank to
Boston paper magnate
 Robert Kraf, the greatest owner in Boston Sports History.

 

c) Bill's Famous 4th and 2 Indianapolis Decision on the 29 yard line
 

Situation: Tired Defense, On the Road, In a Dome, and being
Against Patton Increase Indiana's Chances of Stopping Pats and Scoring Touchdown
 

Logic of Decision was  Similar to Bill's First Great Super Bowl Decision of Going for the Win.
John Madden Immediately Said Waiting for Overtime Was the Correct Decision.
 This Time Bill went for it and Won.  Against Indie he Lost.

Analysis was Too Complicated for Mass Media.

Bill's Simmons in Depth Analysis was Great
Bill Simmons is sticking with Bill Belichick for the long haul, but don't ...
When your coach lets you down with 
a decision that makes no .....
Had the Patriots punted, 
Indy would have had to pull off a third long touchdown drive to win the game. ....
I doubt he's banking those famous 19-hour work days anymore...
 See fan comments at Source.
This great analysis belongs in a statistics classroom
as it demonstrates the difficulty of using subjective statistic.
 

https://youtu.be/WS9nP-BKa3M?t=1716

 

https://youtu.be/WS9nP-BKa3M?t=1036

 

What are We Going to do with China