Our Competition, Germany, Grows the World's
 Most Successful Workers Making 
High Value Added Exports
.

Individualized Curriculums
from  Educating the Class of 2034

 

German Competition

Prelude 1: Changing Education Paradigms from Royal Society for Encouragement of Arts, Manufacturing , Commerce is a 12 minute video depicting how our education system went astray. It has led some to believe that Germany has redirected her education system in an appropriate direction.

Prelude 2:
Current Leaders Advise from  Larry Summers, Ralph Waldo Emerson, FDR, Winston Churchill...l are just of the few of the great leaders who have advised us concerning our educational system.

The Great School Revolution explores how Germany helped weak testing students.  Economist Magazine 9/17/11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

German compulsory schooling begins at age six and may continues through age eighteen. Children between the ages of three and six may attend a Kindergarten (day-care center, nursery school). Enrollment is optional. Kindergarten [pl.] are operated by municipalities, churches and charitable organizations and are not part of the state's compulsory school system.

In the first four grades of elementary school (Grundschule) all children are taught together. The curriculum stresses language skills and mathematics. During the fourth year of elementary school children and their parents usually decide on the type of secondary school which begins with grade 5: Hauptschule-open enrollment, Berufskolleg- apprentice, Realschule  and  Gymnasium require good grades. The choice is determined by a student's aptitudes, career aspirations and grades. In order to facilitate the choice, most states offer a two-year transition period or orientation phase or Orientierungsstufe for grades 5 and 6. The choice of secondary school is not necessarily final. In recent years the educational system has become more "permeable", i.e. it has become easier to transfer from one type of institution to another, thus making it possible to revoke earlier decisions. source The Educational System in Germany an excellent, concise overview of our chief competitor. Misleading International Test Scores

 

Individualized Curriculums

Base Primary Education on Determining a Student's Special Intelligence.

1) Special Intelligence is above average ability a person has in one or more areas of the multiple intelligences which include Mathematical, Spatial, Bodily Movement, Musical, Verbal, Interpersonal,
and Intrapersonal. Curriculum should maximize special intelligence.
2
) Core Intelligence centers on mathematical-logical intelligence and verbal intelligence.
Skills related to core intelligence are emphasized by traditional curriculums.              
3) Rewards await people who develop skills associated with their special intelligence provided they have
the minimum core intelligence skills required for their career. In the words of John Dewey..."to prepare
him for the future life means to give him command of himself; it means so to train him that he will have
the full and ready use of all his capacities" My pedagogic creed, Dewey, 1897 Wiki

A year-round school calendar of four twelve-week terms with 4 plus 2 hour days for Secondary Education will improve learning and decrease cost.
The U.S. has the best universities in the world and students only have 15-20 fifty-minute class periods per week. Our most successful students also have structured unstructured time for labs to apply knowledge or get involved with skill improving extracurricular activities. Germany schools produce the world's most productive workers and more than half her students finishes at 1 PM.
A 4 plus 2 day has four 50-minutes traditionally structured classes in a row and two hours of structured unstructured time when a student's
Individualize Curriculums is determined. Students can work, take more academic classes, volunteer, create a group to compete for academic prizes, attend career-focused academies, play sports or let American ingenuity provide relevant learning experiences. Benefits
1)
Studies show students forget more than 10% of their learning during the summer and "lower-class students" lose most. See Summer Setback: Race, Poverty ...Achievement in the First 2 Years
2) A two-tier classroom system has enhanced student work benefits.
3) Financial benefits for teachers result as they can teach overload courses in their off session.
If a system's average teacher earns $50,000/year for sixteen courses or $3,125 per class for a year round morning assignment they could earn say $2000 per course for additional afternoon overload courses. Sixteen overloads cost $32,000 saving $18,000 or 36% of a salary plus fringe benefits and also make for happy teachers.
4) Economic facilities use would solve housing problems. The potential cost saving for large school systems making maximum use of their facilities are unlimited.
5) Structured Unstructured Time benefits the community. It is spent at school or community facilities to enhance Special Intelligence and also to provide paid/voluntary experiences for students and teachers. John Dewey "...advocated for an educational structure that strikes a balance between delivering knowledge while also taking into account the interests and experiences of the student." Academics will not suffer as trying to enhance intelligence with additional memory training is not money well spent. source

Students discover and enhance their "Special Intelligence." with "Individualized Curriculums"      
1)
Grades one to eight should concentrate on determine and exploring a student's special intelligence while bringing their core intelligence up to an acceptable minimum. Note: This should be a fun time and not the rigor of some Asian countries and tiger mothers of the United States. Such activities caused anxious unhappy students!  If you must test, comparison to those in the student's school and state would limit the negative effects on self-esteem. See No Grades/Homework
2) Career availability information should help students with their curriculum choices.

Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Opening Projections


 

Teach Students to Read and Do a Little Basic Math and
Get Out of the Way

"Computerized work has also made knowledge more abstract and more reliant on data. In the late 1970s, Ford Motor Company began to use computer-controlled fuel injection systems in place of mechanical carburetors. Ford soon experienced heavy warranty expenditures because many technicians, not understanding fuel injection, would tackle a problem by "throwing parts at it"—replacing one component after another in the hope that something would work. Ford responded by requiring that warranty repairs could only be made by technicians who had passed a training course on repairing fuel injection systems. Half of the technicians who took the training course failed, many because they could not read well enough to understand the technical manuals. They knew how to repair mechanical carburetors because they had watched other mechanics do it. Watching other mechanics could not teach them to use computerized tools to test electronic components."

By making students read what the system wants and not what the student wants means too many students never really learn to read. Learning to read is key and what they read is secondary. The idea that you taking CIVICS or studying US History makes someone a good criticize seems unrealistic. Taking General Science for students who don't like science was like me taking Gym. It was a waste of time. Let students study what they want to study and manage their studies. Can you imagine all the money we spent educating these mechanics and they couldn't read. Algebra was not the problem. The term length of a senator versus a house member wasn't the problem. They couldn't read!

Dancing with Robots  Frank Levy and Richard J. Murnane,
 

They are  correct in one respect
and incorrect in another.

"It is important to put these trends in perspective. American schools are not worse than they were in a previous generation. Indeed, the evidence is to the contrary. Results from the NAEP long-term assessments show that most American students now master foundational skills as defined 40 years ago—for example, reading well enough to follow directions. Today’s education problem stems from the increased complexity of foundational skills needed in today’s economy and from the changes in family income and family structure that leave a significant portion of American children unprepared to learn when they enter school."

He is correct. There has been an  increase in the complexity of foundational skills needed in today’s economy.

He is wrong that the changes in family income and family structure leave a significant portion of American children unprepared to learn when they enter school. Why? Because intelligence is normally distributed and it is impossible to increase large numbers of people capable of mastering these more difficult foundational skills. Just find the selected few intelligent people and encourage them to develop foundation skills and reward them economically.

 


Stay Current
John William Pope Center for Higher Education Policy  
covers post-secondary issues.

The Rising Value of a Science Degree

College Degree Value:
 
P-Tech Early College High Schools are vocationally oriented.

David Hummels, Rasmus Jorgensen, Jakob R. Munch and Chong Xiang examine data from Denmark to look at the connection between globalization, inequality and the value of a college degree. “With stagnating wages and lingering unemployment, income inequality is back in the headlines. Is globalization to blame for this inequality? Is more education a solution? This column argues that focusing on university education misses important effects. It presents evidence that wage effects vary markedly among those with degrees depending on their specific skill sets, and that globalization can often benefit workers without degrees.
From Pew Institute: Millennials will benefit and suffer due to their hyper connected lives seems directed toward the top thinkers.


Head Start leads to nonacademic value

If we listened to the Very Serious People, we'd be trying hard to train people to work in tech, 
rather than in burgeoning heavy industry, that are having major booms. Read Article »

Videos
Formula for changing math education              Ken Robinson Says Schools Kill Creativity

Elizabeth Gilbert On Genius                The 5 Minute University

Visit Our Other Learning Libraries
http://www.textbooksfree.org/Free%20Internet%20Libraries.htm#Education__1   

Old Version

1) Primary Education  should not be so rigorous that a substantial number of students dislike school.
The first 6-8 grades should be changed  to concentrate on a student does best, their special intelligence.  Gardner's multiple intelligences which include Mathematical, Spatial, Bodily Movement, Musical, Verbal, Interpersonal and Intrapersonal is a reasonable model.
. Curriculum should maximize special intelligence.
2
) Core Intelligence centers on mathematical-logical intelligence and verbal intelligence.
Skills related to core intelligence are emphasized by traditional curriculums.          
3) We must adjust curricula to acknowledge that technology helps those with high mathematical-logical and verbal-linguistic (problem solving, fix or repair, programming) intelligence more than those with Spatial (dance, sports, driving a bus), bodily-kinesthetic (acting, mime, sports), musical-rhythmic (composing, playing music, clapping, reading, using words, public speaking, storytelling, interpersonal (social skills, reading other people, working in a group), 7. interpersonal (introspection, self-assessment, goal making, vision, planning), 8. Naturalist (able to distinguish among, classify, and use environmental features) intelligence.
4) Because 66% of the high school graduates taking jobs that require no additional formal education  curriculums must be made more life skills applicable. For example, studies show that those people with self-control do better in many aspects of life and this is something that can be taught. See
BLS Projections
5)
Technology and International Trade are destroying good middle income jobs. In addition, 
see The Sagging of the Middle Class.
6) With only 4% of the jobs requiring an advanced degree, a bachelor's degree should be solely directed toward entry level careers, not graduate school. That is, a nursing student should not have to take statistics (a course I taught for 35 years) because they might some day go on for a master's degree. So for every 100 nursing students who take statistics, 10 might need it later and by then will have forgot what little they learned or choose a non-quantitative thesis.

7) Because the economic Laws of Diminishing Returns and Diminishing Utility  apply to the learning experiences, the school year should be expanded to four twelve-week terms. Schools  would have  four hour sessions a few times a day. Teaches would be required to teach four terms per year. Teaching additional courses for extra pay or to accumulate leave time would be encouraged Leave time would be an earned privilege.  For example a teacher earning $64,000/year for a  morning shift or $4000 per course might teach an overload afternoon course for $2000.  Four teachers doing this would save half a salary for society. 

Ambitious students could take courses in the second session or use the time to participate in projects like First Robotics Competition, First Tech Challenge, and First Lego LeagueP-Tech uses the extra time to help students earn an associates degree while earning a H.S. diploma.

This system would be advantageous for vocational HS as it provides time for students to work. Two talented students might even combine for a full time job. . A lower minimum wage for part time students not requiring payroll taxes would help.

Sports would benefit as students might attend  morning classes and practice in the afternoon and a second sport would do the opposite thus making much better use of facilities.

School systems could retire older facilities and free rooms could be rented to people wanting to run morning and afternoon day care for working parents.

Teachers and HS students could work in day care programs for a reasonable fee.  Students wishing to graduate early could take extra courses during a different session for a fee.

8) Students would take four courses designed so students can progress at their own pace. 1) Communicating, 2) Math/science 3) Social Science 4) Whatever they want excluding courses 1-3.

9) Tech-based Education  would apply to college education immediately but hopefully soon spread to secondary education.

10) The Quick Notes Philosophy was the bases for much of this dissertation.

11) Quick Thoughts

A. Treat academic all stars like sports stars.

B. Do whatever it takes to enhance the economic and
   personal skills of those in the middle.

C. Enhance the lives of the less fortunate.

D. Follow the lead of Baltimore and others to
   keep kids in school.

edited by Walter Antoniotti copyright 21st Century Learning Products All Rights Reserved