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PRESIDENTIAL COURAGE
Nine Brave Leaders and How They Changed America 1789-1989
 By Michael Beschloss  

summarized by
W. Antoniotti 8/18/16     

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1) G. Washington made voters unhappy with the Jay Treaty and Taxes
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6) FDR took an unpopular stance by planning for war but still reelected.
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1  From the 2007 first edition
2. Table, column and row titles, and name abbreviations are by Walter Antoniotti

3. Editor's addition  4. Editor's Note: Washington's fears of political parties were avoided as US Undergoes the First Peaceful 1800Transfer of a Democratic System from Turning Points in American History