G. Washington created Executive Privilege. pdf for color
J. Adams avoided a Quasi-War with France which cost him reelection.
A. Jackson took on eastern bankers to lessen excessive power over farmers.
A. Lincoln required freeing the slaves as a condition of saving the Union.
Provided by textbooksfree.org
corporate RR trusts
to protect small towns,
farmers and consumers from high prices.
FDR took an unpopular stance by planning for war but still managed a third term and then fourth term.
HT made tough decisions like quickly recognize the new sate of Israel in the face of pressure from all sides.
JFK continued to push school integration despite potential political opposition.
RR hastened the end of the Cold War with massive deficit spending.
Presidential Election History
Other President Stuff
Meet the author/editor Walter Antoniotti
One-page U.S. History
20th Century U.S. Decade Ranking
Which Decade Was Best, Worst?
Capitalistic Democracy government at a profit
Quick Notes NFL & Golf History
Presidential Elections 1778-1824
2. Presidential Elections 1828-1852
3. Presidential Elections 1856-1892
4. Presidential Elections 1896-1928 pdf
5. Presidential Elections 1932-72 pdf
6. Presidential Elections 1976-2012 pdf
Return to Political Economy Historical Summaries
1 From the 2007 first edition
|3. Editor's addition 4. Editor's Note: Washington's fears of political parties were avoided as US Undergoes the First Peaceful 1800Transfer of a Democratic System from Turning Points in American History|