Created 7/22/18 Please link to ,use as textbook/supplement, and Please
Political Systems Are About Power
Republic power controlled by the people
Commonwealth community founded for the common good
Oligarchy power effectively with a few people.
Polyarchy has decentralized rule with many small governments tailored to the desires of the local populations.
Totalitarianism holds total authority over society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life.
Libertarianism wants to limit government power.
Dictatorship has rule by a person.
is composed of states with a common purpose.
Characteristics of Our Democratic
exists when a constitutionally determined government
a. There are many applications. What constitutes a right and
divides powers among member units so that
US Federalism divides power with federal/state
Democracy exists when government power resides in a constitutionally determined electorate having equal say in determining the majority will.
absolute and unlimited
Jeffersonian Republicanism a limited government approach of
Kinds of Democracy
Presidential Democracy has a president and the legislative
Parliamentary Democracy as practiced in Great Brittan has an executive branch that derives its legitimacy from and is held accountable to a legislature (parliament). The executive and legislative branches are thus interconnected. A head of government called a prime minister is appointed from the majority party or from a coalition of minority parties. A Head of State is normally a different person with varying degrees of political responsibility. In England the Queen only has ceremonial responsibilities.
Democratic Republic vs. Parliamentary Democracy written by President Wilson favored a parliamentary system. This would have made many founding fathers unhappy as they feared the budget instability and anarchy of the French Revolution.
Making Laws in a Democracy
Direct Democracy also known as pure democracy has the
electorate vote directly on policy initiatives.
Indirect democracy or representative democracy is when the electorate temporary delegates power to officials who make laws on their behalf.
Initiatives and Referendums exist in some U.S. States.
a. Part of the early 20th century Progressive Movement
b. Allowed voters to put a proposed law on the ballot for
approval and also to void existing state law.
c. DC and 27 states have this direct democracy tool.
Constitutional Amendments expanded "We" of
"We the people..." which moved U.S toward Republicanism.
a. The 1911 17th Amendment changed the election of U.S.
Senators from the House of Representatives to voters.
b. The 1919 19th Amendment gave women voting rights.
c. The 1971 26th Amendment lowered voting age to 18.
d. Eliminating the Electoral College would move the process
closer to the people, Republicanism and a direct democracy
See Democracy and Virtue, Why Founders Wanted Electoral College, The Founder's Constitution extensive reading list
Summaries from Quick Notes
2016 Presidential Election Issues 1p each
Current Political Economy Problems 7p
Brief U.S. Political History Political Eras & Their Important Events 2p
Presidential Politics Political Eras & Their Elections 1788 - 2012 20p
Capitalistic Democracy Run Government at a Profit 1p
Recent Decades Ranked by Problems 2p
Great Recession 1p or 3 p
Severe Recessions 2p
History of U.S. Banking 1p
U.S. Economic Normality 1945-2015 page 2
5 Decades of Problems under construction, needs help, Interested?