Educating the Class of 2030
Educating the Class of 2034
Primary Education Determines a Student's Special Intelligence.
1) Special Intelligence is above average ability a person has in one or more areas of Gardner's multiple intelligences. They are Mathematical, Spatial, Bodily Movement, Musical, Verbal, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal. Curriculum should maximize special intelligence.
2) Core Intelligence centers on mathematical-logical intelligence and verbal intelligence.
3) Economic rewards await people who develop skills associated with their special intelligence provided they have the minimum core intelligence skills required for their career. In the words of John Dewey, ..."to prepare him [her] for the future life means to give him command of himself; it means so to train him that he will have the full and ready use of all his capacities." My pedagogic creed, Dewey, 1897 Wiki
Change 2 A year-round school calendar of four twelve-week terms with 4 plus 2 hour days for secondary education improves learning and decreases cost. The U.S. has the best universities in the world and students only have 15-20 fifty minute class periods per week. Our most successful students also have structured unstructured time for labs to apply knowledge or get involved with extracurricular activities necessary to improve skills. Germany schools produce the world's most productive workers and more than half her students finishes at 1 PM. A 4 plus 2 day has four 50 minutes traditional structured classes in a row and two hours of structured unstructured time when a student's individualized curriculum determines what they do. The can work, take more academic classes, volunteer, create a group to compete for academic prizes, attend career-focused academies, play sports or let American ingenuity provide relevant learning experiences.
Individualized Curriculums" help
students discover and enhance their "Special Intelligence."
1. Grades one to eight should concentrate on determine and exploring a student's special intelligence while bringing their core intelligence up to an acceptable minimum. Note: This should be a fun time and not the rigor of some Asian countries and US tiger mothers. Such activities just causes anxious unhappy students! If you must test, comparison to those in the student's school and state would limit the negative effects on self-esteem. See No Grades/Homework
2) Career Information helps with their curriculum choices.
Since 66% of our future jobs require
no formal education beyond high school, curriculum for many should be
made more life/career skills oriented. For example, studies show that those
people with self-control do better in many
aspects of life and it is something that can be taught.
RSA Animate – Empathic Civilization is just one example of the new
areas that limiting concentration to one's special intelligence allows.
|Summary We must maximize the minimum for students with average special intelligence while maximizing the maximum for students with really high specially intelligence. We also must minimize the maximum regret||received by drop outs who feel they get little from free education. We should be concern that as students age and mature, many do not accept free education. Please Share!|
Appendix 1 Advantages of Proposed Change
Ambitious Students could take courses in both session or use the time to participate in projects like First Robotics Competition, First Tech Challenge, FPSPIspi and First Lego League. P-Tech uses the extra time to help students earn an associate's degree while earning a U.S.. diploma, all in four years.
This system would be advantageous for vocational HS as it provides time for students to work. Two talented students might even combine for a full time job. A lower minimum wage for part time students not requiring payroll taxes would help.
Sports would benefit as one sport might go in the morning and practice in the afternoon and a second sport would do the opposite thus making much better use of facilities. Two varsity sports might constitute a course. My friend Paul is happy.
School systems could retire
older facilities and free rooms could be rented to people
wanting to run morning and afternoon day care for working
Appendix 3 Fix
public education immediately.
"A review of 39 studies indicated that achievement test scores decline over summer vacation. The results of the 13 most recent studies were combined using meta-analytic procedures. The meta-analysis indicated that the summer loss equaled about one month on a grade-level equivalent scale, or one tenth of a standard deviation relative to spring test scores. The effect of summer break was more detrimental for math than for reading and most detrimental for math computation and spelling. Also, middle-class students appeared to gain on grade-level equivalent reading recognition tests over summer while lower-class students lost on them. There were no moderating effects for student gender or race, but the negative effect of summer did increase with increases in students’ grade levels. Suggested explanations for the findings include the differential availability of opportunities to practice different academic material over summer (with reading practice more available than math practice) and differences in the material’s susceptibility to memory decay (with fact- and procedure-based knowledge more easily forgotten than conceptual knowledge). The income differences also may be related to differences in opportunities to practice and learn. The results are examined for implications concerning summer school programs and proposals concerning school calendar changes."
7) Head Start Doesn't Work
A recent Opinion article in the Villages retirement paper picked up
an editorial featuring the reported 2010 Head Start Impact Study
that stated three and four year olds participants in Head Start were no
better prepared for first grade than non-participants. This is the nth
such article/report I've read in thirty years. There have been many
studies and none have shown Head Start improves academic performance.
The normal curve rules and those who think it can be changes will
have to wait for generic engineering. But the normal curve applies to
other important characteristics and it is these our education system
The Thousands of Californians Who Failed The Bar Are Going To Hate This Guy is an example of how college can teach them but can't learn them. I wonder if college law schools are required to publish Bar Exams pass rates
Data from Iceland indicates that younger students in a class do poorer in standardized test through seven grades and other studies have shown that only 10% of younger HS graduates go to college. The Economist, 12/7/12, p21
Sundry Items of Interest
Non-academics students possess
characteristics of success
The Wage Affect of Offshoring examines
data from Denmark that looks at the connection between globalization,
inequality and the value of a college degree. “With stagnating wages and
lingering unemployment, income inequality is back in the headlines. Is
globalization to blame for this inequality? Is more education a solution?
This column argues that focusing
on university education misses important effects. It presents evidence
that wage effects vary markedly among those with degrees depending on
their specific skill sets, and that globalization can often benefit
workers without degrees.”
4) Tradable goods are producing high paying jobs that require more education. Germany does best at manufacturing tradable goods. She is avoiding high unemployment with job sharing, called disguised unemployment. I'm betting the recovery in Germany will bring back slightly higher wages but hours work will stayed reduced as robots and computers do the work. Return to Class of Educating 2030
An attempt to learn about the
real estate business brought me in contact with Joan, a middle aged women
who had been a million dollar salesperson in her first year. She was
well dressed, attractive, very ambition and had a talent for selling.
Joan was famous for her answer to a question from prospective buyers who
were aghast when they saw a foot of water in the basement of a home they
might buy. “Well, think how lucky you are to know about the water. Now
you can bid $3,000 lower and fix the problem for $1,000. Joan was
correct; they bought and were very happy with the property. This was the
middle 1970's when new starter homes were small, about 10,000 square
feet, had one bathroom, three bedrooms, and cost about $40,000.
Joan wanted to be a real estate broker, but fail the test because of her poor mathematical skills. Math required for the license was using formulas, a little geometry, and multi-step word problems. Some of this was necessary for commercial developers but for what Joan wanted to do, little math was needed. But testing is a way to limit supply of brokers thus keeping broker/manager salaries high. As her tutor, much of what I did was build her confidence that if she did the easy questions, a missed the few difficult questions, she would still pass. Needless to say, she passed the exam.
Joan was one of the most confident people I've encountered in many years of education. She went to school before testing sapped the vitality out of people who were not above average in both mathematic analysis and verbal understanding. Interpersonal intelligence, easily the most important in the real world kind of useful intelligence, isn't considered important by our academic educators.
The Rest of the Story
Joan had a secret to her success. She belonged to the Friday 7:00 AM Howard Johnson Breakfast Club. Two or three plus salespeople from ten or so local real estate companies met, talked a little business, and created a network, a monopoly. If you needed something for sale at one of your competitors, you called your friend from Friday morning and they would call you. The more people you helped, the more people who would help you.
I once had the world's greatest house listing in A+ condition at a great location, and price correctly. Two or three sales were stopped by parents coming to visit their children who loved the house. I had guaranteed the owner who was leaving for Venezuela that it would be sold and he was nervous, but not me. With two weeks to go I called Joan and agreed to split the listing commission and it was sold the next day. Some people think Joan should go to college, I think school should be designed to maximize special intelligence of people like Joan.
Battlefield Reflections of a
Introduction: After years of traditional teaching I switched to the programmed type text Quick Notes Statistics and its companion Excel Statistics Lab Manual which had all the problems and their data sets written in Excel so much of the calculation requirements were removed as an obstacle to learning. Many students were familiar with the text as they had used Quick Notes Financial Accounting and/or Economics Interactive Class Notes with Links in previous courses. These books had concise two-page outlines per learning unit with practice problems and complete solutions.
Methodology: Class one began with a 30 minute summary of material covered on the first computerized take-home exam or in the lab test. We then adjourned to the lab with some of the better students leaving to do required work at their own convenience while the others joined me in the lab learn to use Excel to calculate measures of central tendency. Lectures/lab sessions followed. The class before the computerized test using Excel was a comprehensive hour or so review where I again saw the better students and after the review a few students were off to the lab to finish their computerized lab set due before the test. This procedure was followed for tests on probability and on hypothesis testing/correlation/regression.
1) Being an honor system take-home or in lab
computer exam resulted in the same grade distribution as for a traditional
in class test where students were allowed a large note card/ cheat
Group one completed the course requirements but never really learned to use Excel or to do much of anything . They assed with low grades because of easy grading procedures.
Group two calculated some statistics correctly but ran into trouble deciding which Excel menu procedure to use for each of the eight different problems on the take home final. I had warned them that over 35 years grades always went down with each tests and many were disappointed. Some of these adults worked really hard but having to choose between finite and normal distributions, large and small samples and then between one sample and two samples eventually led to mistakes.
Group three often got the statistic correct but then had difficulty determining to accept or reject the no change null hypothesis. All the studying in the world doesn't help because they had never really figured out what hypothesis testing was all about.
Group four had one final hurdle to explain what the answer meant. They had correctly accepted or rejected the null hypothesis but what did it mean? They needed to write in the analysis section that the new procedure was faster or had less defects or the new diet was better or else it was back to group three and a lower grade. Less than six from a class of twenty-five got almost everything correct and got a 4 points on almost every problem. A very few indeed got everything correct.
copyright 21st Century Learning Products All Rights Reserved
edited and written by Walter Antoniotti,
Teach Students to Read and
"Computerized work has also made knowledge more abstract and more reliant on data. In the late 1970s, Ford Motor Company began to use computer-controlled fuel injection systems in place of mechanical carburetors. Ford soon experienced heavy warranty expenditures because many technicians, not understanding fuel injection, would tackle a problem by "throwing parts at it"—replacing one component after another in the hope that something would work. Ford responded by requiring that warranty repairs could only be made by technicians who had passed a training course on repairing fuel injection systems. Half of the technicians who took the training course failed, many because they could not read well enough to understand the technical manuals. They knew how to repair mechanical carburetors because they had watched other mechanics do it. Watching other mechanics could not teach them to use computerized tools to test electronic components."
By making students read what the system wants and not what the student wants means too many students never really learn to read. Reading is key and what they read is irrelevant. Teaching General Science for students who don't like science was like me taking Gym; it was a waste of time. The idea that you taking CIVICS or studying US History makes someone a good criticize is ridiculous. Let students read what they want and let the computer interpreter and direct toward their studies. Can you imagine all the money we spent educating these mechanics and they couldn't read. Not doing algebra was not the problem. The term of a senator versus a house ,ember wasn't the problem. They couldn't read!
Dancing with Robots“ by
"It is important to put these trends in perspective. American schools are not worse than they were in a previous generation. Indeed, the evidence is to the contrary. Results from the NAEP long-term assessments show that most American students now master foundational skills as defined 40 years ago—for example, reading well enough to follow directions. Today’s education problem stems from the increased complexity of foundational skills needed in today’s economy and from the changes in family income and family structure that leave a significant portion of American children unprepared to learn when they enter school."
There has been an increase in the complexity of foundational skills needed in today’s economy.
They are wrong in thinking that the changes in family income and family structure that leave a significant portion of American children unprepared to learn when they enter school because intelligence is normally distributed and it is impossible to increase the number of people with the ability to master these more difficult foundational skills. Just find these intelligent people and encourage them to develop foundation skills and reward them economically.
Epilogue: The Cost of a Misdirected Education
My Keene State College 1990 Economics 101 class was given data showing that average college graduates make much more than high school graduates. They had seen it before. That is why most of them were in college. Then I showed them median income of college graduates. They were disappointed with the lower number. I explained how some really high earners make the mean higher than the median. Then I showed them data indicating the bottom quarter of college graduates earned about the same income as high school's top-quarter. They became even more unsettled. Then I gave them the lowest income statistic of all, median income for those with just a bachelor's degree. No professional degree and doctors in this group. From the back of the room I heard "you mean they are ripping us off. No I said: its selling something many incorrectly feel is best for everyone.
It took about twenty years but I pleased to report that because of the Great Recession mass media coverage of the decreasing economic return from a college education is no longer sporadic . But like any unwelcome news, parents, teachers, and politicians will be the last to react properly. The collateral damage has been immense. We've lost an entire generation of young American males. This will continue unless some responsible people in the mass/social media helps make an educational system that improves the well-being of all students . Here is the collateral damage of our love affair with college.
College graduates who can't find a job and college dropouts owe over one trillion dollars in outstand college loans and are finding they do not have the skills to earn a positive economic return from their investment.
Disgruntle U.S. graduates and dropouts got little from their investment of money and many years in school.
But some took the path less traveled.
My fourteen year-old nephews announced he wanted to attend a neighboring carpentry high school. Four years of getting up early and getting a ride from his father to grandmother's house where he waited for the school bus to take him to a new, strange school. At fourteen! After school he walked home from grandma's. No one told him from what to do; he just didn't like academics and decided on a vocational education. Now a successful small contractor, his biggest problem is convincing his wife they don't need a new Volvo every two years.
His younger brother was much more academic but found school a waste of his lazy but conniving mind. He dropped out of school in the 9th grade and eventually went in the military. Returning from Gulf War 1 he eventually found a good unionized job in the corrections industry working for Massachusetts. That's BIG BUCKS MASSACHUSETTS!. No one had to tell him that investing in a 401K in addition to the state retirement plan was a good idea. He also bought car mortgage insurance a year before an illness made him unable to pay said liability.
Epitaph: Many of our best and brightest did make a proper investment in college and there are enough of them to maintain our nation's well-being. Imagine a country where the school system maximizes all kinds of all Special Intelligence rather than trying to maximizing the math/verbal intelligence of everyone including those whose learning disabilities require special attention. See
Older Generations Accumulate, Younger Generations Stagnate
More Interesting Thoughts
" The mind is not a vessel to be filled , but a
fire to be kindled."
"Finland on top (it scored direly in the OECD study). At least 98% of children aged five or six are in pre-school education there. Finland also dominates the overall league tables for education performance, so perhaps the scope for improvement is slight. Other enthusiastic providers of pre-school education like Sweden, Norway, France and Belgium and Denmark do not score particularly highly on attainment in later education, whereas Japan, which combines early-years provision with a fiercely competitive exam culture, excels. So too does South Korea, where the state until now has provided under half of pre-school places. So pre-school is no panacea, says Andreas Schleicher, who oversees the OECD’s big triennial PISA report on educational attainment. “Drilling children” in early years does not lead automatically to learning gains, he says."