Individualism Slowly Replaced Kinship/Lineage
Current Political Economy Issues
|Christian Institutional Interests caused the banning of popular
Cross cousin marriage, levirate marriage to a brother's widow, adoption, divorce
and concubinage were outlawed.
Church Doctrine was not the reason. These limitations were strategies to control property lineage.
Women were allowed by church law to own property meaning that because widows often had no heirs, property went to the church. Church land holdings would double by the end of 9th century and eventually reached 30% in most Medieval Western Europe.Because the Catholic Church was an iatrical part of a social system and there was no developed state, this control of property went unnoticed until the reformation though Pope Gregory VII instituted church reforms that had some temporary success.
See Investiture Controversy
Individual Property Rights developed and undermined the linage property rights required for a patriarchal tribal order. Early Feudalism enhanced social ties once provided by tribalism/kinship and provided greater physical protection. A Moneyed family relationship eventually replaced the Patriarchal family kinship required of tribalism. Social Mores and family rules were governed by the church. Political change followed. ndividualism preceded the development of the state, Marx was wrong. 16th century capitalism developed where free property already existed and not because of wealthy unresponsive bourgeoisie.
Clan based tribal competition for power was minimal but there
was a feudal based blood nobility to consider.
Vassalage was a contract with
common law legal requirements
for both sides. It was an
agreement between individuals.
Individual with human dignity. Political control over local governmental
functions based on centrally controlled royal court
Feudal law was more flexible
and permanent under feudal contracts. Social hierarchy often influenced renegotiation
kinship law was less prevalent under Medieval Centralized Courts. The rise of
state power required an educated
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