Career Guidance for Graduates

See Education and Income       Updated 1/20/18         Please link to and 



Executive Summary     Career Tips     Hard and Soft Skills Center     Success Triangle

Common Sense Interview Stuff     More Career Stuff   The Ladders    Understanding Salaries   

Fab Five of Student Jobs     Student Personal Finance    Matching Career With Personality

Success Indicator     Road to Success     Considering Trade School    
Emotional Intelligence

My Next Move helps find a career path   Mark Cuban Q&A at Oxford University 65 min vide

edited by Walter Antoniotti 

Executive Summary
1) Hard and Soft Skills facilitate Career Success. 
    "The capacity to learn is a gift, the ability to learn
     is a skill and the willing to learn is a choice
Skills and Grades Two B's or an A and a C Which is better?
Technical Skill to Enhance the Liberal Arts

2) What you study/do determines skill levels associated with success.
3) College Isn't A Guarantee To The Middle Class. See chart 1.

4) Do what you like because our "Flat World" means a lot of competition
   which means more effort is needed to be successful. 

5) Most jobs are in health care, education, STEM areas and retail sales/service.

6) Studies show most careers can be enhanced by digital knowledge. Start by
  enhancing your
Geekability by adding one useable software or Apps task per
  month to be done with your computer and phone.

Substantial efforts toward  Improving SAT testing ability
may not be successful
   a) Data indicates comprehensive test coaching has only a small effect on scores.
   b) Anxiety they cause can be a serious problem.

Choosing a College and Major by attending a college you are not academically
     prepared for hinders success.

See SAT Coaching Found to Boost Scores--Barely

Free testing help at Test Prep Internet Library

8) Going to a school where you are near the top academically usually a good
    idea for three reasons. Grants will be higher, time will be available to
   enhance non-academic soft skills and professors favor their best students.

9) Traditional and social networking and good mentoring are still very important for success. 

10) Data that college is not a good investment has many even well off students
   attending local Community College though college loans were up 5% in 2015.

Fareed Zakaria defense of a liberal education is reasonable but remember that very strong academic ability and other outstanding traits are required to earn a "reasonable" academic degree and economic return. The majority of liberal majors do not have these abilities and even if they did, there are few good paying jobs. So studying art or music or psychology is fine but when you can expect a low salary. 

Career Tips

Why Internships Are More Important Than Ever

Internship Help

Warren Buffett’s and Charlie Munger’s Tips for the Class of 2016

1. Work for a person or company you admire the most
2. Copy the habits of the successful people you know
3. Invest in yourself first
4. Become a life-long learner
5. Treat your body as a car you would own forever
6. You only have a "20 slot punch card" for finance decisions
7. Develop your "inner scorecard"

Source has additional information as does Warren Buffett's Top 10 Rules For Success 8 min video

Hard and Soft Skill Center

Hard skills include the specific knowledge and abilities required for a job. They are  acquired through formal education and training programs, including college, apprenticeships, short-term training classes, online courses, certification programs, as well as by on-the-job training. Examples of hard skills include computer programming, web design, typing, accounting, finance, writing, mathematics, legal and other quantifiable skills that are included in the requirements for a job.

Bill Gates writes often about the importance of measurement when pursuing goals. Skills are easier to measure than behaviors. Behaviors can be hard to define, and often manifest in the things you don’t do.  Sometimes chase and reward the wrong traits. Google learned this when it eventually devalued SAT scores for job applicants, realizing it had little predictive signal of a hire’s subsequent career success.
For more examples see Skills vs. Behavior

See 10 Hard to Learn Skills are Necessary for Success! 20 min video

10 Promotion Skills

Source: Harvard Business Review

Noncognitive skills like cognitive skills improving labor-market outcomes. These non-cognitive skills (called soft skills, social, behavioral skills) include perseverance, conscientiousness, and self-control, social skills and leadership . Evidence suggests that the labor-market payoffs to non-cognitive skills have been increasing over time and the payoffs are particularly strong for individuals who possess both cognitive and Noncognitive skills. Seven Facts on Noncognitive Skills from Education to the Labor Market Editor's Note: Much is to be gained by spending a lot of time improving what you do well and nurturing these soft skills. Example work hard and your major and if being in the school senate means slightly lower grades in secondary subjects, so be it. See   Which is better, 2 B's or an A and a C?

The Great Recession Drastically Changed the Skills Employers Want 10/4/17

 "the skill requirements we analyze were]  — education, experience, analytical aptitude, and computer skills — have been found to complement new technologies. (We identify analytical requirements by the presence of keywords like “research,” “decision,” and “solving.”)"

"... in a hard-hit metro area [employment ads] are about 5 percentage points (16%) more likely to contain education and experience requirements and about 2–3 percentage points (12%) more likely to include requirements for analytical and computer skills." from HBR

Enhancing Skills

Avoiding Financial Mistakes

Effective Studying is comprehensive help for those
wanting to enhance a skill

Soft Skills May Determine Success 

Soft Skills Needed for Success require practice


John Wooden Success Triangle  Larger Triangle


Common Sense Interview Stuff
See for more job hunter help



More Career Stuff

Ikigai from Wiki



Matching Career With Personality   The Ladders leads to the top.

Ways to stand out in a Job Hunt     Career Plan Video is quick

Study Hacks Blog Decoding Patterns of Success   Career Information  "... helps students and people seeking a career change."  

 Not All Majors Are Created Equal   Choosing a College, Major   Exam Strategies +  

Specialty Suggestions
Scholarships, Grants, Loans and other Financial Aid 
Maximizing Merit Money
Choosing a Major 
Not All College Majors Are Created Equal

Maximizing the College Experience
Beginners Guide to Repaying Student Loans
Two B's or an A and a C, Which is Better
The Myth of the Well- Rounded Student
Success Charts
Is Education Signaling or Skill Building?
Goal Setting  2.56 video


Useful Sites from Broward Education

 Career Resources    Match Careers to Majors  Self Assessment 

More Good Stuff

25% of students from households earning $100,000 or more now attend community colleges, up from 12% five years ago.

Mark Cuban has 5 helpful hints   9 Critical Skills that take a little practice.

If Return on Investment is Important

Spending Extra Time to Graduate Cost Lots from
D. D. Gabriel Washington Post

Low-cost Sites    Udemy, Coursera,     edX    Skillshare,"

Many years ago my fourteen year-old nephews was not interested in academics and wanted to attend a neighboring high school with a carpentry program.  It would be a new, strange school. At fourteen! Four years of getting up early and getting a ride from his father to grandmother's house where he waited for the school bus. After school he walked home from grandma's. No one told him from what to do; he just didn't like academics and decided on a vocational education. Now a successful small contractor, his biggest problem is convincing his wife they don't need a new Volvo every two years. With state testing this would be much more difficult.  by walter


Understanding Salaries


The Success Indicator






The Road to Success





Matching Career With Personality


Considering Trade School



The Real Value of Emotional Intelligence