A Concise History
is an monotheistic religion teaching that there is
only one god,
Mohammad is the messenger God. The world's
second largest religion
with over 1.8 billion followers has a majority
50 countries.Followers are referred to as
Muslims. Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem
are home to
the three holiest sites in Islam.
Islam teaches that God is
merciful, powerful, and
Humankind is guided with prophets, scripture, and
The primary scriptures of Islam, the
Quran, is the verbatim word of God.
It's teachings and normative examples composed Muhammad's
570 – 8 June 632 CE). Revealed many times before through Old and New
Estimates prophets, the Quran when considered in its
is the unaltered and final revelation of God. Islam also
teaches a final judgment a paradise and hell. Religious concepts and practices include the
Five Pillars of Islam, obligatory acts of worship
Historically, Islam is believed to have originated in the early 7th century CE. By the 8th century the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the historically Muslim world experienced a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing. Expansions of the Muslim world involved various caliphates, traders, missionaries and resulted in the Ottoman Empire. Most Muslims are Sunni (85–90%) or Shia (10–15%). Islam is the fastest-growing major religion in the world.